Balgowan (Balgone)

Fruit, very large,roundish, inclining to ovate. Skin, pale green, mottled with red on the shaded side, but entirely covered with deep bright red on the side next the sun. Flesh, with a greenish tinge, veined with red at the stone, melting, very rich, and highly flavoured. Flowers, small. Glands, kidney-shaped.

A very large and excellent variety, nearly allied to Violette Hâtive, but much hardier and a more vigorous grower. It ripens in the end of August and beginning of September.

It is of Scottish origin, and was received by the Horticultural Society from Mr Hosie, gardener at Lyndoch, in Perthshire, in 1825.

Black. See Early Newington. Black Murrey. See Murrey.

Boston (Lewis's; Perkins's Seedling)

Fruit, very large, roundish oval. Skin, bright yellow on the shaded side, and deep red on the side next the sun. Flesh, yellow, without any red at the stone, with an agreeable but not rich flavour. Flowers, small. Glands, round.

Remarkable only for the size and beauty of the fruit, which ripens in the middle of September, and requires a warm season to bring it to maturity.

The Boston Nectarine is an American variety, and was raised from seed of a peach by Mr. T. Lewis, of Boston, U.S.A. It was introduced to this country by Mr. Perkins, of Brooklyn, who sent it to the Horticultural Society in 1824.


This is a very large variety, of a round shape. Skin, greenish on the shaded side, dark red next the sun, and with a disposition to be russety. The flesh is melting, rich, and sugary, with a slightly astringent flavour. Flowers, large. Glands, none.

Ripe in August. The tree is a very dwarf and compact grower.

It was sent to the Horticultural Society, in 1827, by Mr. Dymond, of Exeter.

Brinion. See Violette Hâtive.

Brugnon Musqué. See Roman.

Brugnon Red-at-Stone. See Violette Hative.


Fruit, above medium size, two inches and a quarter wide and about the same in height; roundish, sometimes inclining to oval, marked with quite a faint suture, terminated by a sharp point at the apex. Skin, rich orange yellow, mottled with deep crimson. Flesh, deep orange, tender, and melting, very slightly stained with red round the stone, from which it separates freely, and is very richly flavoured. Glands, kidney-shaped. Flowers, very large and handsome, being quite ornamental.

A very excellent fruit; ripe in the beginning of September in an orchard-house, and about a fortnight later against a wall. It has a considerable resemblance to Pineapple, but the tree is a better grower, and the fruit of a finer flavour.

It was raised by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth, from seed of Bowden Nectarine. Claremont. See Elruge.


Fruit, rather larger than Violette Hative, roundish oval. Skin, pale green in the shade, but deep red next the sun. Flesh, pale green, reddish at the stone, melting, juicy, and richly flavoured. Flowers, small. Glands, kidney-shaped.

A first-rate variety; ripe in the end of August and beginning of September. The tree is a vigorous grower, and an excellent bearer.

It was raised by Mr. T. A. Knight from the Elruge and Violette Hâtive, and was named after Downton Castle, his property in Herefordshire.

There is an Improved Downton raised by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridge-worth, which possesses all the distinguishing characteristics of the old variety, but which is a better bearer and a more richly flavoured fruit.

Duc de Telliers. See Dutilly's. Duc de Tello. See Dutilly's.