Dutilly's (Dug de Telliers; Due de Tello)

Fruit, rather large and oval, somewhat flattened on the side marked with the suture. Skin, pale green on the shaded side, but covered with dark red on the side next the sun. Flesh, greenish white, with a slight tinge of red next the stone, from which it separates freely. Flowers, small. Glands of the leaves, kidney-shaped.

A well-flavoured fruit; ripe in the end of August and beginning of September.

Mr. Lindley wrote the name of this Due du Telliers; but Rogers says it "was introduced into England by M. Dutilly Gerrardet, a Dutch merchant who settled at Putney, in Surrey. From that gentleman it got into the possession of the senior Mr. Hunt, who first established the nursery there, and who. with Grey of Fulham, were both great assistants to Miller in bringing out his Dictionary."


Fruit, large, two inches and a half wide and the same high; ovate; marked with a faint suture and terminating in a slight point. Skin, quite green, mottled with veins and patches of russet, especially about the base, and with sometimes a faint tinge of crimson. Flesh, greenish yellow, stained with red at the stone, from which it separates freely, very juicy, and with a rich, brisk flavour like that of Stanwick. Flowers, small. Glands, kidney-shaped.

Ripe in the middle of September.

It was raised by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth.


Fruit, large, two inches and a half wide and two inches and a quarter high; roundish ovate. Skin, deep orange. Flesh, bright orange, very juicy, with the rich flavour of Stanwick, separating freely from the stone. Flowers, large and brilliant. Glands, kidney-shaped.

A very fine nectarine, raised by Mr. Rivers by crossing Rivers's Orange with Stanwick.

Early Black. See Early Newington.

Early Newington (Black; Early Black; Lucombe's Black; Lucombe's Seedling; New Dark Newington)

Fruit, large, roundish ovate, enlarged on one side of the suture; apex ending in a swollen point. Skin, pale green in the shade, but bright red marbled with deeper red next the sun, covered with a thin bloom. Flesh, greenish white, very red next the stone, to which it adheres; rich, sugary, vinous, and very excellent. Flowers, large. Glands, none.

It is earlier and much richer than the old Newington, and ripens early in September.

Early Violet. See Violette Hâtive.

Elruge (Claremont; Oatlands; Oldenburg; Springrove; Temple)

Fruit, medium sized, roundish oval. Skin, pale greenish in the shade, deep red in the sun, interspersed with dark brownish russet specks. Flesh, pale towards the stone, melting, juicy, and richly flavoured. Stone, oval and rough. Flowers, small. Glands, kidney-shaped.

This is one of the best nectarines. It ripens in the end of August and beginning of September. The tree is an excellent bearer, and forces well.

The name Elruge is derived from an anagram of Gurle or Gourle, who was a nurseryman at Hoxton, or Hogsden, as it was then called, near London. Mr. Lindley says he was a nurseryman at Hoddesden, in Hertfordshire, but that is a mistake. It is he of whom Leonard Meager speaks when, writing in 1670, he says, " Here follows a catalogue of divers sorts of fruit which I had of my very loving friend Captain Garrle, dwelling at the great nursery between Spittlefields and Whitechappel, a very eminent and ingenious nurseryman, who can furnish any that desireth with any of the sorts hereafter mentioned; as also with divers other rare and choice plants." Switzer says : "The Elrouge Nectarine is also a native of our own, the name being the reverse of Gourle, a famous nurseryman at Hogsden in Charles the Second's time, by whom it was raised."

Emmerton's White. See White.