Fruit, small, round, slightly flattened at the top. Skin, yellowish green, bright red next the sun. Flesh, yellow to the stone, dry, and sweet. Stone, nearly smooth. Flowers, large. Glands, kidney-shaped.

Ripens in the beginning and middle of August; but it is of little merit, its only recommendation being its earliness.

This was raised by Thomas Fairchild, a nurseryman at Hoxton, who died in 1729. He was the author of "The City Gardener," and some papers in the "Philosophical Transactions." By his will he left £25, which was subsequently increased to £100, to the trustees of the charity school and the churchwardens of Shoreditch, for a sermon to be preached on Whit Tuesday in the afternoon in the parish church for ever, "On the wonderful works of God in the creation," or "On the certainty of the resurrection of the dead, proved by the certain changes of the animal and vegetable parts of the creation."

Flanders. See White.

French Newington. See Old Newington. Genoa. See Peterborough.

Golden (Orange)

Fruit, medium sized, roundish ovate. Skin, fine waxen yellow in the shade, and bright scarlet, streaked with red, where exposed. Flesh, yellow, adhering to the stone, juicy, and sweet. Flowers, small. Glands, kidney-shaped. Ripens early in September.

Grosse Violette Hâtive. See Violette Grosse. Hampton Court. See Violette Hâtive.


Fruit, of very large size, almost round, and sometimes inclining to oval. Skin, pale green on the shaded side, entirely covered with dark purplish red next the sun. Flesh, greenish, with a tinge of red next the stone, melting, juicy, rich, and highly flavoured. Flowers, large. Glands, none. A most delicious fruit.

Ripens in the middle and end of August.

This was raised from the Elruge at Hardwicke House, near Bury St. Edmunds, and is one of the hardiest and most prolific of nectarines.


Fruit, large, about two inches and three-quarters wide, and the same high, terminating in a point at the apex, from which issues a faint suture, which appears like a hair-line, towards the stalk. Skin, bright orange yellow, stained, streaked, and mottled with very dark crimson next the sun, and sometimes even on the shaded side. Flesh, orange, very tender and juicy, with the slightest stain of red next the stone, from which it separates freely; gelatinous in appearance, and very richly flavoured. Flowers, large. Glands, round.

A delicious nectarine of the Orange class; ripe in the middle of August, and hangs well till it shrivels. On a wall it is about a fortnight later. The tree bears abundantly, even small plants being studded with blossom buds.

It was raised by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth, from the seed of Pineapple Nectarine.

Hunt's Large Tawny

Fruit, small, a little larger than Fair-child's, somewhat ovate, and prominent at the apex. Skin, pale orange, shaded with deep red next the sun. Flesh, deep orange, melting, of excellent flavour, and separating from the stone. Flowers, large. Leaves, without glands.

Ripe in the middle and end of August.

This originated as a bud sport from Hunt's Small Tawny, found by Mr. George Lindley in his nursery at Catton, near Norwich, in 1824. He saw a few of the maiden trees in the nursery quarters, producing very large flowers which corresponded with flowers of no other variety, and, having marked them, thenceforth propagated them as a distinct variety. In his account of this in the "Guide to the Orchard," at page 282, he has made a mistake in saying "it originated from the preceding," instead of from the following variety.