Old Newington (Anderdon's; French Newington; North's Large; Bough Roman; Scarlet Newington; Smith's Newington; Sion Hill)

Fruit, rather large, roundish. Skin, pale next the wall, bright red next the sun. Flesh, pale yellow, red at the stone, to which it adheres, juicy, sweet, rich, and vinous. Stone, small and rough. Flowers, large. Glands, none.

It ripens in the middle of September.

Old Roman. See Roman. Orange. See Golden. Perkins's Seedling. See Boston.

Peterborough (Genoa; Late Green; Vermash)

Fruit, medium sized, round. Skin, green, with a very faint dull red next the sun. Flesh, greenish white to the stone, juicy, but nothing very remarkable except as being the latest nectarine known. Flowers, small. Glands, kidney-shaped.

It ripens in October.

This is said to have been introduced by Lord Peterborough, the distinguished general in the time of James II., William and Mary, and Queen Anne, and to have been cultivated in his garden at Fulham. It is supposed to be a Dutch variety, the name Vermash being that by which it is known in Holland.


This is a variety raised by Mr. Rivers from the Pitmaston Orange, upon which it is an improvement. It has the same yellow flesh as its parent, and is much richer in flavour, in that respect partaking somewhat of the sprightliness of the pineapple.

It ripens in the begining of September.

Pitmaston Orange (Williams's Orange; Williams's Seedling)

Fruit, large, roundish ovate, narrow towards the top, which ends in an acute swollen point. Skin, rich orange, brownish red next the sun, streaked where the two colours blend. Flesh, deep yellow, red at the stone, juicy, rich, and excellent. Stone, small, sharp-pointed, and very rough. Flowers, large. Glands, round.

Ripens in the end of August and beginning of September. Tree, an excellent bearer.

Raised by Mr. Williams, of Pitmaston, near Worcester, from seed of the Elruge. The tree first produced fruit in 1815.

Prince Of Wales

Fruit, very large, slightly oval. Skin, greenish yellow, with a deep dull red cheek next the sun. Flesh, deep red next the stone, from which it separates, with a very rich vinous flavour when thoroughly ripe. Flowers, small. Glands, round.

An excellent nectarine, which ripens on a south wall in the middle of September, and will hang till the end of the month. The tree requires a warm soil and situation.

This was raised in 1858 by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth, from seed of a fine large oval-shaped seedling peach.

Red Roman. See Roman.

Rivers's Elruge (Large Elruge)

Fruit, large, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; round and flattened, marked with a deep suture, which extends across the crown, and diminishes towards the stalk. Skin, greenish yellow, mottled with deep red next the sun. Flesh, greenish, stained with red next the stone, but not deeply, and not extending far into the flesh; it separates freely from the stone, and is of rich and brisk flavour. Flowers, large. Glands, very small, and kidney-shaped.

An excellent nectarine; ripe in the middle and end of August in an orchard-house, and about a fortnight or three weeks later against a wall. The seedling tree was very much cankered, and the first year it bore one immensely large fruit and died. Those propagated from it do not grow freely, and are apt to have blind buds.

It was raised by Mr. Rivers from the Old Elruge.