Rivers's Orange

The fruit is similar to that of its parent,

Pitmaston Orange, and very richly flavoured; and the tree, in Mr. Rivers's estimation, is more robust in its habit, bears perhaps more profusely, and is hardier than that variety. Flowers, large. Glands, kidney-shaped.

Rivers's White

This was raised in 1857 by Mr. Rivers from the White Nectarine, to which it bears a close resemblance, except that its colour is paler, and it is covered with a delicate white bloom. The flavour is very delicious. Flowers, large. Glands, kidney-shaped.

It ripens a week or eight days before the White Nectarine.

Roman (Brugnon Musqué; Brugnon Violet Musqué; Old Roman; Red Roman)

Fruit, large, roundish, flattened at the top. Skin, greenish yellow, brown muddy red, and rough, with russety specks next the sun. Flesh, greenish yellow, deep red at the stone, to which it adheres, rich, juicy, and highly vinous, particularly when allowed to hang till it shrivels. Flowers, large. Glands, kidney-shaped.

It ripens in the beginning of September.

This is one of the oldest, if not the oldest, nectarine in cultivation. It is mentioned by Parkinson in 1629, and by all subsequent writers. He says, "It has a large or great purplish blossom like unto a peach."

Rough Roman. See Old Newington. Scarlet. See Old Newington. Sion Hill. See Old Newington. Smith's Newington. See Old Newington.


Fruit, large, two inches and a half wide and two and a quarter high; roundish and flattened, marked with a distinct suture. Skin, entirely covered with dark crimson, and on the side next the sun it is of a dark mahogany colour, the shaded side being bright crimson. Flesh, with a gelatinous appearance, very deeply stained with red next the stone, the stain pervading almost the whole of the flesh, and even under the skin; the flesh is exquisitely flavoured and separates freely from the stone. Flowers, large. Glands, round.

A very handsome fruit, ripe in the second week of September. It was raised by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth.

Springrove. See Elruge.


Fruit, large, roundish oval. Skin, pale lively green where shaded, and purplish red where exposed to the sun. Flesh, white, melting, rich, sugary, and most delicious. Kernel, sweet, like that of the sweet almond. Flowers, large. Glands, kidney-shaped.

Ripe in the middle and end of September.

The fruit is very apt to crack, and requires to be grown under glass. It generally fails to ripen thoroughly against walls in the open air, except when grown in a light sandy soil and a good exposure.

This nectarine was raised at Stanwick Park, one of the seats of the Duke of Northumberland, from stones given to Lord Prudhoe by Mr. Barker, Her Majesty's Vice-Consul at Aleppo, and who afterwards resided at Suaedia in Syria. The seed was sown in March, 1843, and the buds were inserted the following autumn on a Bellegarde Peach, and the first fruit was produced in 1846. Lord Prudhoe, who had become Duke of Northumberland, placed the Stamvick Nectarine in the hands of Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth, for propagation, and on the 15th of May, 1850, the stock, consisting of twenty-four plants, was sold by auction, and realised £164 17s., which his Grace presented to the funds of the Gardeners' Benevolent Institution, such an amount never having been realised before for the same number of small nectarine trees in pots.