Jules D'Aibolles (De Liron d'Airolles)

Fruit, about medium sized; pyriform. Skin, smooth, bright green, with bright red on the side next the sun, the bright green changing to greenish yellow as it ripens. Eye, partially open, rather deeply set. Stalk, about three-quarters of an inch long, rather stout, inserted in a slight cavity.

Flesh, white, delicate, melting, very juicy, with a rich vinous flavour, and delicate aroma.

An excellent pear, in use from the end of October till the end of November, The tree is hardy, vigorous, and a good bearer.

This was raised by M. Leon Leelerc, of Laval, and named in honour of M. de Liron d'Airolles, a notable French pomologist. There was another variety raised by Grégoire, of Jodoigne, also named after M. de Liron d'Airoiles, a large round fruit.

Jules Delloy

Fruit, rather small, and roundish obovate. Skin, yellow, covered with speckles and network of cinnamon-coloured russet. Eye, large and open, with long segments. Stalk, an inch long, stout, inserted without depression. Flesh, melting, and of inferior quality, pasty, and flavourless.

An inferior pear, which becomes pasty in December.

Just. See Bassin.


A rather small fruit, of obtuse obovate shape, golden yellow colour, covered with large russet dots. Eye, large and open. Stalk, an inch long, obliquely inserted. Flesh, crisp, coarse-grained, and breaking, of an inferior flavour.

An inferior pear; ripe in October.

Kaissoise. See Beurré d'Amanlis. Kartoffel. See Cohnar d'Aremberg. Kaizer Alexander. See Alexandre de Russie. Keele Hall Beurré. See Styrian. De Kienzheim. See Vallée Franche.


Fruit, medium sized; oblong, somewhat like the Bishop's Thumb. Skin, dark green, strewed all over with grey dots, here and there marked with patches of russet, brownish red next the sun, but changing as it ripens to yellowish green and a livelier red. Eye, large and prominent, almost closed, with long, broad, erect segments, not depressed. Stalk, one inch and a quarter long, inserted obliquely, without depression. Flesh, yellowish white, tender, pleasant, and with a strong perfume.

A second-rate pear; ripe in October.


Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter wide, and three inches high; roundish, even, regular, and handsome. Skin, of a deep golden yellow ground, and finely mottled and freckled with bright warm brown russet. Eye, open, with erect acute segments, set in a deep rather uneven basin. Stalk, short and very fleshy at the base, where it is inserted without depression. Flesh, coarse-grained and rather gritty, sweet, not very juicy, and with little flavour.

An inferior American pear; ripe in October.

King Pear. See Cailot Rosat.

King Edward's (Jackman's Melting)

Fruit, very large, sometimes five inches and a half long, and three inches and a half wide; pyriform, rather uneven in its outline, and inclined to be bossed. Skin, smooth, shining, of a beautiful grass-green, which becomes yellowish green, dotted with dark green dots on the shaded side, and on the exposed side it is entirely covered with a deep but bright brownish red, and thickly covered with grey russet dots. Eye, open, with large erect segments, rather deeply set in an uneven basin, which is ridged round the margin. Stalk, an inch to an inch and three-quarters long, stout and woody, inserted without depression on the apex of the fruit. Flesh, white, or slightly tinged with yellow, slightly gritty at the core, but half-melting, very juicy, sweet, and acidulous, with a slight rose-water perfume.

This is the largest melting pear, and, though not of the highest merit, it is well worthy of cultivation for its size and quality combined. In the north it seems to succeed very well, my friend, the Rev. Wm. Kingsley, of South Kilvington, near Thirsk, having grown it of excellent quality. It ripens in September in the south, and during October and November in the north. It is so like Uvedale's St. Germain as to be at first sight taken for that variety.

King William Pear. See Ananas d'Eté.

Kiss Madame. See Cuisse Madame.

Kleine Engelsbirne. See Ange.

Kleine Wasserbirne. See Ange.

Knevett's Pear. See Figue.

Knevett's New Swan's Egg. See Muirfowl's Egg.

Knight's Monarch. See Monarch.

Knoop's Ananasbirne. See Ananas.

Konge. See Windsor,

Kornbirn. See Amiré Joannet.

Kronbirne. See De Livre.

Kummelbirne. See Besi d'Héry.

Lady's Buttock. See Cuisse Madame.

Lady's Thigh. See Cuisse Madame,

Lafare. See St. Germain.