Lieutenant Poidevin

A large, obovate, and undulating fruit, which is only adapted for stewing. It was raised at Angers, and the tree first fruited in 1853. It was dedicated to the memory of a young officer, a native of Angers, who fell at the battle of the Alma, 20th September, 1854.

Linden d'Automne. See Glou Morçeau.

De Livre (Gros Bateau Gris; Kronbirne; Bateau)

Fruit, large; obovate, obtuse pyriform. Skin, pale green, becoming yellowish as it attains maturity, and entirely covered with thick brown russet, so much so that scarcely any of the ground colour is visible. Eye, small, with long acuminate segments, and set in a deep, round, and even basin. Stalk, an inch or more in length, thick and flesby at the insertion, and set in a deep cavity, which is generally higher on one side than the other. Flesh, white, firm, crisp, rather fine-grained, and with a pleasant flavour.

A culinary pear, in use from November to February, which much resembles the Black Pear of Worcester. The tree is vigorous, and a good bearer as a standard, and succeeds either on the pear or quince.


Fruit, about medium size; obtuse pyriform. Skin, smooth and shining, yellowish green, mottled with darker green; marked with a few flesh-coloured dots on the side next the sun, and strewed all over with faint tracings of delicate russet. Eye, small, with short dry segments, closed, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, upwards of an inch long, slender, inserted without depression. Flesh, white, tender, melting, and juicy, sprightly, but with no particular aroma or flavour.

An American pear; ripe in October. It is somewhat like Louise Bonne of Jersey, but very inferior to that variety.


Fruit, quite small; turbinate, even, regular, and rather handsomely shaped. Skin, very thickly covered with large russet freckles of a pale ashen colour, the side next the sun having a pale red cheek, and on the shaded side it is greenish yellow. Eye, large and open, clove-like, with a ring of stamens set round, placed even with the surface. Stalk, an inch long, straight and stout, very slightly depressed in a narrow cavity. Flesh, yellow, very astringent.

A very old Herefordshire perry pear.


Fruit, large, three inches long, and two and a half wide; obovate, regular in its outline, and handsome. Skin, greenish yellow, with a tinge of pale red next the sun, and entirely covered with numerous grey russet specks, which are so thick as sometimes to appear like network. Eye, open, with stiff, dry, erect segments, surrounded with rough russet, and set even with the surface. Stalk, about an inch long, stout, fleshy at the base, inserted in a round narrow cavity, lined with russet. Flesh, yellowish, crisp and tender, very juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured.

An excellent pear, much grown in the south of Scotland, where it succeeds well.

In the earlier editions of this work I adopted this as a synonyme of Hampden's Bergamot, on the authority of the Horticultural Society's Catalogue; but I find the Longueville, which is grown in the Scotch orchards, is quite different. Dr. Neill says, "Though the name is now unknown in France, it is conjectured that the tree was brought over from that country by The Douglas when Lord of Longueville in the 15th century." Trees of it still exist in the old orchards about Jedburgh, and on Tweedside.