Madame Vazille

Fruit, large, three inches and a half long by two inches and three-quarters broad; oblong obovate. Skin, almost entirely covered with rough russet. Eye, open, set level with the surface. Stalk, about three-quarters of an inch long, straight. Flesh, melting, juicy, sweet, and vinous.

Ripe in September and October, but only of ordinary quality.

Madeleine. See Citron des Carmes.


Fruit, large, three inches and three-quarters long, and two inches and three-quarters wide; pyriform, even and symmetrical in its outline. Skin, covered with rather dark brown russet, which is thickly strewed with large russet freckles; on the shaded side it is mottled with yellow, and on the other sometimes streaked with crimson. Eye, open or half open, even with the surface. Stalk, an inch long, with a fleshy ring at the base. Flesh, yellow, tender, melting, rather gritty at the core, richly flavoured, and with a somewhat rose-water perfume.

Ripe in October and November. It was raised by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth.

De Malthe (Caillot Rosat d'Hiver)

Fruit, medium sized; roundish, inclining to obovate. Skin, yellowish green, becoming entirely yellow as it attains maturity, quite covered with brown and grey russet on the shaded side, and less so on the side next the sun. Eye, rather large and open, with rigid segments, set in a considerable depression. Stalk, an inch long, very thick and stout, inserted without depression. Flesh, white, coarse-grained, firm, crisp, and juicy, with a very aromatic and rose-like flavour.

A dessert pear; in use from November to January. The tree is a strong grower and a good bearer as a standard.

Merlet gives Poire de Prêtre as a synonyme of this; but it is not that of Duhamel, and the De Prêtre of the Horticultural Society's catalogue is different from both.

Mandelbirne. See Anyleterre.

Mansuette (Solitaire; Beurré de Semur)

Fruit, large; oblong obovate. Skin, pale green, considerably covered with brown dots, particularly on the shaded side, and assuming a faint tinge of red on the side exposed to the sun as it ripens. Eye, small and open, with erect segments, and set in a deep plaited and irregular basin. Stalk, an inch long, curved and obliquely inserted in a roundish unequal prominence. Flesh, white, tender, half-melting, juicy, and well flavoured.

A dessert pear; ripe in September and October. The tree bears well as a standard, but requires a favourable situation.

De Maraise

Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a half long, and about the same wide; abruptly obovate, even, very handsome and regularly formed, not unlike an undersized Beurré Sterckmans in shape. Skin, smooth, with a fine aurora glow on the side next the sun, dotted with large russet freckles; on the shaded side it is a fine clear yellow, and also covered with large russet freckles. Eye, very small and open, set in a shallow and narrow basin. Stalk, an inch long, slender, and inserted by the side of a fleshy lip, in a small narrow cavity. Flesh, yellowish, tender, melting, and very juicy, rich, and with a honey sweetness, and a powerful aroma.

A very beautiful and very delicious pear; ripe in the end of October and beginning of November.

I cannot trace the origin of this pear, neither has it been described in any pomological work. It is said to have been raised by Van Mons, and I received it from M. Papeleu, of Wetteren, in 1847.