This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, above medium size, three inches and a quarter long, and two inches and a half wide; oblong obovate. Skin, entirely covered with a crust of warm brown russet like that of the Brown Beurré, and has a slight orange glow on the side exposed to the sun, very much like the Chaumontel; there is no yellow or ground colour visible. Eye, open, with very short segments, and set in an irregular ribbed depression. Stalk, an inch long and rather slender, inserted without depression. Flesh, yellowish white, tender and buttery, very juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured.
It was raised by Mr. John Mannington, of Uckfield, in Sussex, and was named in honour of my eldest daughter. The seed was sown about sixteen years ago, and the tree bore fruit in 1871 for the first time.
De Maune. See Colmar.
Medaille. See Napoleon.
Medaille d'Or. See Frédéric de Wurtemberg.
Melon. See Beurré Diel.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half long, and two inches wide; roundish obovate or oval, even and regular in its outline. Skin, entirely covered with thick dark brown russet. Eye, small and open, set in a pretty deep depression. Stalk, nearly an inch long, slender, woody, and inserted in a narow cavity. Flesh, half-melting, crisp, juicy, sweet, with a rich vinous flavour.
An excellent dessert pear; ripe in December and January.
This was a seedling of Mr. John Mannington, of Uckfield, Sussex, the successful raiser of Mannington's Pearmain Apple and many excellent pears. It first fruited in 1872, and, being submitted to me, I named it as a compliment to Miss Nevill, daughter of my friend E. H. Nevill, Esq , of Dangstein, Sussex.
La Merveille. See Merveille d'Hiver.
Merveille de Charneu. See Fondante de Charneu.
Fruit, medium sized; roundish, inclining to roundish turbinate, somewhat uneven on the surface. Skin, smooth and unctuous to the feel; hence the name of Petit Oin; bright green changing to yellowish green as it ripens, and strewed with small brown dots, and occasionally with a faint tinge of dark red next the sun. Eye, large and open, set in a considerable depression. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, somewhat obliquely inserted in a small cavity, which is higher on one side than on the other. Flesh, white, tender, buttery, and melting, and of a rich, sweet, and musky flavour.
A dessert pear; ripe during November. The tree is a good but uncertain bearer, vigorous in a rich warm soil, and requires to be grown against a wall to have the fruit in perfection, but does not succeed well on the quince. The fruit becomes russety on a standard tree.
Merlet makes the Merveille d'Hiver and Petit Oin two different varieties; but his descriptions are so much alike, there can be no doubt they are the same variety, as it is subject to vary in its characters by soil and situation.
Merveille de la Nature. See Easter Beurré.