Muscat Royal

Fruit, small; turbinate, Skin, greenish yellow, entirely covered with grey russet, rather rough. Eye, small and open, without depression. Stalk, an inch and a quarter long, and inserted without depression. Flesh, white, coarse-grained, juicy, sweet, and musky flavour.

A dessert pear; ripe in September. The tree is hardy, vigorous, and a good bearer; succeeds well as a standard.

Muscat Verd. See Cassolette. Muscat de Villandry. See Échassery.

Musette d'Anjou. See Large Blanquet. Musette d'Automne. See Pastorale.

Musette De Nancy

Fruit, large, three inches and a half long, and two inches and a half wide; pyramidal and handsome, with an uneven and undulating outline, of the shape of a large Beurré Rance. Skin, covered with a fine warm orange-brown, or bright cinnamon-coloured russet, on a lemon-yellow ground, very little of which is visible. Eye, open, with wide-apart pointed segments, set in a rather deep, irregular, and furrowed basin. Stalk, stout and woody, inserted obliquely by the side of a fleshy protuberance. Flesh, yellowish white, rather crisp, like the texture of Passe Colmar, and with an abundant, rich, sugary, and very finely perfumed juice.

A first-rate pear; ripe in the end of October and beginning of November.

Musk Drone. See Bourdon Musqué.

Musquine de Bretagne. See Bergamotte de Hollande.


Fruit, medium sized; turbinate. Skin, smooth, at first vivid green, changing to beautiful lemon-yellow as it ripens, marked with brownish red next the sun, which becomes bright red as the ground colour changes. Eye, small and open, set in a shallow, even depression. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted in a pretty deep cavity. Flesh, whitish, rather fine-grained, firm, crisp, and juicy, with a pleasant sweet flavour.

A dessert pear of ordinary merit; in use from January to March. The tree is very vigorous and an abundant bearer, succeeds well either on the pear or quince as a standard.

Napoleon (Beurré Autien; Bonaparte; Bon Chrêtien Napoleon; Beurré Napoléon; Captif de St. Hélène; Charles X.; Gloire de l'Empereur; Liard; Médaille; Napoleon d'Hiver; Roi de Rome; Sucrée Dorée; Wurtemberg)

Fruit, large; obtuse pyriform. Skin, smooth, bright green at first, changing as it ripens to greenish yellow, and sometimes a fine lemon-vellow, and covered with numerous brown dots. Eye, partially open, with long erect acuminate segments, and set in a moderate depression. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, stout, and inserted in a round and pretty deep cavity. Flesh, whitish, tender, melting, and very juicy, with a rich, sweet, and refreshing flavour; to such a degree does it abound in juice that Diel says one may be supposed "to drink the fruit."

A valuable dessert pear; ripe from November to December. The tree is hardy, vigorous, and an excellent bearer; succeeds as a standard, but produces the finest fruit against a wall. Mr. Blackmore says it is a very fine fruit at Teddington.

It was raised by M. Liard, a gardener at Mons, in 1808, and by him exhibited at the Pomological Society of Hennegau, where he received the gold medal, hence it was called Médaille. The original tree was afterwards sent to Abbe Duquesne, and by him named Napoleon. It was sent to this country in 1816 by Van Mons, and was the first of the Flemish pears received with an authenticated name. Much confusion has arisen by the way both fruit and grafts of his seedlings had been sent over by Van Mons.