Fruit, small, an inch and a half to an inch and three-quarters in diameter; round, even, and regularly formed. Skin, an uniform greenish yellow when ripe, covered with minute dots, and with a patch of russet round the stalk. Eye, open, with incurved segments, set in a shallow depression surrounded with plaits. Stalk, an inch long, slender, not depressed, but swelling gradually into the fruit. Flesh, yellowish, firm, crisp, and very astringent.

This is one of the most popular of the perry pears.

Olivier De Serres

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two and a half high; round, flattened, or Bergamot-shaped, sometimes irregular in its outline. Skin, entirely covered with cinnamon-coloured russet. Eye, large and closed, set in a pretty deep basin. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, very stout, and thickest at the end. Flesh, half-buttery, sweet, with a brisk vinous flavour and a strong musky aroma.

A delicious pear; in use from February to March. It is, perhaps, one of the best very late pears, of which there are so few. The tree bears well, makes strong standards and handsome pyramids, either on the pear or quince. Mr. R. D. Blackmore says of it, "Very good for so late a kind. The best I have yet found when Josephine de Malines is over."

Raised by M. Boisbunel, of Rouen. It first fruited in 1864, and was named in honour of Olivier de Serres, author of "Le Theatre d'Agriculture et Mesnage des Champs," published at Paris in 1600.

Onondaga (Swan's Orange)

Fruit, medium sized, three inches long, and two and a half wide; obovate, and even in its outline. Skin, smooth and shining, lemon-yellow, covered with minute russet dots, and with a patch of russet round the stalk. Eye, small and open, without segments, set in a rather deep basin. Stalk, half an inch long, thick and fleshy, obliquely inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellowish, tender, buttery, and melting, rather richly flavoured.

A good, but not a first-rate pear; it ripens in October.

An American pear, raised in 1806 by Mr. Henry Case, of Onondaga, N.Y.

Orange Bergamot

Fruit, small; roundish turbinate. Skin, smooth, pale green, becoming yellowish green at maturity, with dull red next the sun, strewed with whitish grey dots. Eye, open, and set in a deep basin. Stalk, half an inch long, stout, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, white, half-melting, juicy, with a sweet and musky flavour.

A dessert pear; ripe in August. The tree is hardy, and a great bearer, succeeding either on the pear or the quince as a standard, and particularly well on the latter.

Orange Commune. See Orange Musquée. Orange Grise. See Orange Musquée. Orange Hâtive. See Bourdon Musquée. Orange d'Hiver. See Winter Orange.

Orange Mandarine

Fruit, about medium size; roundish. Skin, golden yellow, thickly strewed with brown russet dots, and with a warm glow on the side next the sun. Eye, small and closed, set in a rather deep round basin. Stalk, more than an inch long, stout, curved, and woody, inserted without depression. Flesh, yellowish, very tender and melting, with a fine acidulous, rich, sugary flavour.

A delicious pear; ripe in October.

This was raised by M. André Leroy, of Angers, and first fruited in 1863.

Orange de Mars. See Winter Orange,