De Quentin

Fruit, small; roundish oval, somewhat of the shape of a swan's egg. Skin, smooth and rather shining, greenish yellow in the shade, and with a brownish red tinge on the side next the sun; strewed all over with large green russet dots, and with a patch of brown russet round the eye and the stalk. Flesh, yellowish, finegrained, tender, and melting, with a rich and rather honied flavour.

A first-rate pear; ripe in October.

De Quessoy. See Besi de Caissoy.

Rameau (Surpasse Reine)

Fruit, large; oblong-oval, and uneven in its outline. Skin, lemon-yellow, mottled and dotted with russet. Eye, open, slightly depressed. Stalk, about an inch long, not depressed. Flesh, yellowish, half-melting, juicy, sweet, and perfumed.

An inferior pear; in use from January till March.

Rateau. See De Livre. Red Achan. See Achan.

Red Doyenne (Doyenne d'Automne; Doyenné Crotté; Doyenne Galleux; Doyenne Gris; Doyenne Jaune; Doyenne Rouge; Doyenne Roux; Grey Doyenne; Neige Grise; St. Michel Doré; St. Michel Gris)

Fruit, medium sized; obovate, very much resembling in shape the Doyenne Blanc. Skin, yellowish green, but entirely covered with thin, smooth, cinnamon-coloured russet, so that none of the ground colour is visible, and sometimes it has a tinge of brownish red next the sun. Eye, small and closed, set in a shallow depression. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, curved, and inserted in a narrow rather deep cavity. Flesh, white, tender, melting, and buttery, of a refreshing, rich, and delicious flavour.

An excellent dessert pear; ripe in the end of October, and keeps much better than the Doyenne Blanc. The tree is not a very strong grower, but healthy and a good bearer, either on the pear or quince stock. It may be grown either against a wall or as a standard, but the fruit is preferable from a wall. It will be found advantageous to gather the fruit before it is ripe, as it will then keep much longer. Mr. Black-more says it is small and inferior at Teddington

This variety is supposed to have first emanated from the garden of the Chartreux at Paris, about the middle of the last century.

Red Orange (Orange Rouge)

Fruit, medium sized; roundish, or roundish turbinate. Skin, smooth, bright green at first, changing to yellowish green, and entirely covered on one side with beautiful deep red, thickly covered with greenish dots on the shaded side, and brownish red next the sun. Eye, small and open, with acute segments, and set in a wide and rather deep basin. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, set in a small cavity, with frequently a fleshy prominence on one side of it. Flesh, white, crisp, and very juicy, with a pleasant sugary and musky flavour.

A dessert pear; ripe in the end of August, but must be gathered before it ripens on the tree, otherwise it becomes mealy. The tree is vigorous either on the pear or quince, but is subject to canker; an abundant bearer, and succeeds well as a standard.