Red Pear

Fruit, quite small; round, even, and regular in its outline, inclining to turbinate. Skin, almost entirely covered with rather bright red, except round the stalk and where it has been shaded, and there it is yellow; the whole surface is sprinkled with pale grey russet dots. Eye, open, having clove-like segments, and set level with the surface. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, stout, straight with the axis, and set in a narrow shallow cavity. Flesh, quite yellow, firm, dry, and gritty.

A Herefordshire perry pear.

Regentin. See Passe Colmar. Ŕ la Reine. See Muscat Robert.

Reine Des Poires

Fruit, medium sized; obovate. Skin, smooth, pale yellow, and dotted with russet on the shaded side, and bright red next the sun. Eye. small and open, placed in a small, irregular basin. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellowish, tender, juicy, and sweet.

Ripe in October.

Retour De Rome

Fruit, above medium size, three inches and a quarter long, and two inches and a half wide; pyriform, even and handsome in its shape. Skin, of a rough appearance, though not so to the touch; of a dull greenish grey colour, and much covered with large russet specks the size of a pin's head. Eye, very small and open, with small acute segments, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, slender, curved, pale brown, woody, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted without depression on the narrow apex of the fruit, to which it is attached by fleshy folds. Flesh, fine-grained, melting, very juicy, with a rich and sprightly vinous flavour and a delicate aroma.

An excellent pear; ripe in the end of October.

I received this from M. Papeleu, of Wetteren, in 1847, and it is quite distinct from Nouveau Poiteau, with which some pomologists have found it synonymous.


Fruit, medium sized; turbinate, regular in its outline. Skin, greenish, almost entirely covered with bright brown russet. Eye, open, slightly depressed in a plaited basin. Stalk, very short slender, and inserted quite on the apex of the fruit. Flesh, very melting, juicy, with a rich vinous flavour and a delicate musky perfume.

An excellent early pear; ripe in September.

It was raised by M. André Leroy, of Angers, and was named as a compliment to Mr. Thomas Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth.

Robert Hogg

Fruit, large, three inches and a half long, and nearly three inches wide; short obovate, widest towards the crown. Skin, rather deep green, much covered with fawn-coloured mottles of russet and small grey dots. Eye, open, pretty much depressed. Stalk, very short, somewhat obliquely inserted in a slight depression by the side of a fleshy swelling. Flesh, fine-grained, very melting and juicy, richly flavoured, aromatic, and with an agreeable acidity.

A dessert pear of the finest quality; in use in September and October. The tree is an excellent bearer.

This was raised by M. André Leroy, of Angers, and produced its first fruit in 1868, when M. Leroy did me the honour to associate my name with it, and which I regard as a graceful acknowledgment of a friendship which existed for nearly forty years.

Roberts's Keeping. See Easter Bergamot.