Robine (Royale d'Été)

Fruit, below medium size; roundish turbinate, like a small Bergamot. Skin, at first bright green, but becoming paler and of a yellowish tinge as it ripens, and dotted with brown dots. Eye, open, with long reflexed acuminate segments, and set in a small rather shallow cavity. Stalk, an inch and a quarter long, inserted in a very small sheath-like cavity. Flesh, white, crisp, rather dry, sugary, and of a musky flavour.

A dessert pear; ripe in August. The tree is vigorous and much resembles the Cassolette, and bears more freely on the quince than on the pear stock.

This I believe to be the Robine of Knoop, as well as of Duhamel; but Knoop gives Muscat d'Averat, Muscat d'Août, and Aurate as synonymes, which is an error. Hitt has also made the same mistake, although his description is that of the Robine. The Robine of Gibson, which he says is the same as that of Tourne-fort, is a very different pear from this, being larger and pyramidal, and from its ripening in October is in all probability the Robin of the Jardinier Français.

Rocheford. See Tonneau.

Roi de Bavière. See Passe Colmar.

Roi Jolimont. See Doyenne d'Eté.

Roi Louis. See Large Blanquet.

Roi de Wurtemberg. See Glou Morçeau.


Fruit small, and obovate. Skin, shining, bright lemon-yellow in the shade, and with a crimson cheek next the sun. Eye, very small and closed. Stalk, very short. Flesh, very juicy and coarsely flavoured.

A worthless pear; ripe in the beginning of September, and which rots at the core while the exterior is yet sound.

Romische Angelikabirne. See Angélique de Rome.


Fruit, below medium size; roundish. Skin, greenish yellow, considerably covered with very fine and smooth pale brown russet, having an orange tinge next the sun, and speckled with large grey dots. Eye, generally wanting. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a narrow cavity. Flesh, fine-grained, buttery and melting, very juicy, rich, sugary, and with a powerful perfume of musk.

A most delicious pear; ripe in the beginning and middle of November. The tree is quite hardy, an excellent bearer, and succeeds well as a standard or pyramid.

Ronville. See Martin Sire. Rose. Summer Rose.


Fruit, small, or below medium size; pryiform. Skin, yellowish green, with reddish brown on the exposed side. Eye, open, set in a shallow plaited basin. Stalk, an inch and a half long, not depressed. Flesh, melting, very juicy, sugary, vinous, and aromatic.

A first-rate early pear; ripe in the end of August and beginning of September.

I received this from Messrs. Aug. Nap. Baumann, of Bolwyller, near Mulhausen, in 1845.

Rothe Bergamotte. See Bergamotte Rouge. Rothpunctirte Liebesbirne. See Ah! mon Dieu.

Bouse Lench

Fruit, large, three inches and three-quarters long, and two inches and a half wide; oblong oval or pyriform, uneven and undulating in its outline. Skin, pale green, changing to lemon-yellow, with a slight russety covering. Eye, large and open, like that of a Jargonelle. Stalk, an inch and a quarter long, inserted without depression. Flesh, yellow, buttery, juicy, sugary, and pretty well flavoured.

Ripe in January and February.

This was raised by Mr. T. A. Knight, and the name is derived from Rouse Lench, an estate near Evesham, the residence of Mr. Knight's son-in-law.