Summer Crasanne (Crasanne d'Été)

Fruit, small; roundish, and flattened. Skin, pale yellow, entirely covered with cinnamon-coloured russet. Eye, wide open, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, an inch and a half long. Flesh, half-melting, very juicy, sweet, and aromatic.

A good early pear; ripe in the end of August and beginning of September.

Summer Doyenne (Doyenné d'Été; Doyenne de Juillet; Joli-mont; Roi Jolimont)

Fruit, small, two inches wide, and one and three-quarters high; roundish, or roundish turbinate. Skin, smooth, and wherever shaded of a clear greenish yellow, changing as it ripens to a fine lemon-yellow, and on the side next the sun covered with a red blush, and strewed with grey dots. Eye, small, half open, set in a shallow plaited basin. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, not depressed. Flesh, yellowish white, half-melting, and very juicy, sweet, and pleasantly flavoured.

An excellent early pear; ripe in the end of July, but requires to be gathered before it becomes yellow, otherwise it soon becomes mealy, and is quite insipid. The tree is hardy, and a good bearer.

The origin of this pear has caused a good deal of discussion among pomologists; but I do not see how there need be any doubt or difficulty about it. In Van Mons' catalogue, at p. 28, we find "Doyenné d'Été; par nous." In the preface this expression "par nous" is stated to signify "que ce fruit est un résultat de nos essais." This being the case, we cannot suppose that Van Mons would have claimed a fruit he did not raise. Diel acknowledges having received it from Van Mons in his Kernobstsorten, vol. xix., and in his Systematisches Verzeichniss, 2 Fort., p. 90, he describes it under the name of Brüsseler Sommerdechantsbirne with the synonyme Doyenné d'Éte, V.M., and this distinction of placing Van Mons' initials in conjunction with it was, no doubt, to distinguish it from that other Doyenné d'Été which he had described in vol. iii., p. 39, of the Kernobstsorten, and which is a totally different fruit, of medium size, with no red on the sunny side, and which ripens in the end of August. This must have been raised by Van Mons at an early period, for Diel mentions it among his best pears in 1812.

Summer Franc Real (Bergamotte de la Beuvrier; Beurré d'Été; Bergamotte d'Été; Coule Soif; Fin Or d'Éte; Franc Real d'Eté; Great Mouthwater; Gros Micet d'Été; Grosse Mouille Bouche; Hâtiveau Blanc; Milan Blanc; Milan de la Beuvrière; Royale)

Fruit, above medium size, two inches and a half wide, and about the same in height; turbinate. Skin, smooth, pale yellowish green, strewed with numerous brown and green dots, and tinged with brownish red next the sun. Eye, small and open, set in a small undulating basin. Stalk, short and thick, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, fine-grained, buttery and melting, rich and sugary.

An excellent early pear; ripe in September. The tree succeeds well as a standard, is a good bearer, and grows best on the pear stock.

This was at one time much grown in this country, but is now rarely met with. Miller was in error in making the Summer Bergamot of English gardens synonymous with this, and Forsyth and Lindley have equally erred in following him. It is sometimes called Hampden's Bergamot.