Archiduchesse D'Autriche (Erzherzogin)

Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and two high; Bergamot-shaped, or rather roundish-turbinate. Skin, green at first, but becoming yellowish green as it ripens; brownish red next the sun, marked with a few thin streaks of deeper and brighter red, and on the shaded side marked with large dots and freckles of cinnamon-coloured russet. Eye, open, set in a wide shallow basin. Stalk, an inch and a quarter long, straight, woody, and inserted in a small round cavity.

Flesh, white, half melting, slightly gritty at the core, juicy, sweet, and with a rather rich flavour.

A second-rate dessert pear; ripe in the middle of September. The tree is a strong grower and a good bearer. It was raised by Van Mons.

Ardente de Printemps. See Colmar d'Aremberg. D'Aremberg. See Colmar d'Aremberg.

Arlequin Musque

Fruit, large, three inches broad, and three and a quarter high; roundish obovate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, smooth, of a fine bright green at first, but becoming lemon yellow as it attains maturity, and dotted all over with brown dots. Eye, rather large and open, with short tooth-like segments, and set in a wide basin. Stalk, about half an inch long, stout, and inserted on the apex of the fruit without depression. Flesh, white, buttery, melting, juicy, and sweet, with a powerful musky perfume.

A second-rate pear; ripe in the end of September. The tree is a good and regular bearer, and was raised by Van Mons about the year 1823.

Arlingham Squash

Fruit, roundish turbinate, rather irregular in its outline, being somewhat ribbed. Skin, dark green, with a brownish tinge on the side next the sun, streaked and mottled with russet over the whole surface, and with a patch of russet round the stalk. Eye, open, with short abortive segments, set in a shallow depression. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted in a narrow cavity, which is generally higher on one side. Flesh, white, crisp, and juicy, with an agreeable aroma.

Of good repute for perry in orchards about Hereford. It has a near resemblance to Bellissime d'Hiver. It derives its name from the village of Arlingham, on the Severn, below Gloucester.

Armand Prevost

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and three inches high; oblong-obovate, narrowing from the bulge to the eye, even and regular in its outline. Skin, smooth and shining, of a fine golden yellow, with an orange cheek minutely dotted with russet. Eye, small and open, with erect, acute segments prominent. Stalk, woody, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted on the end of the fruit beside a fleshy lip. Flesh, half melting, not very juicy, and without much flavour.

A pretty but worthless pear; ripe in the middle of October, and soon becomes mealy.

Arteloire. See St. Germain.

Arthur Bivort

Fruit, above medium size, three inches and three-quarters long, and two and three-quarters broad; of a pyramidal shape, and blunt-ended at the stalk, not unlike Beurré Ranee in shape. Skin, smooth, of a clear grass green, assuming a yellowish tinge as it attains maturity, slightly dotted with russet, and sometimes with a little colour on the side next the sun. Eye, open, with spreading segments, and placed on a level with the surface of the fruit, the segments lying back leaf-like on the fruit. Stalk, woody, curved, brown, an inch and a quarter long, obliquely inserted in a shallow cavity. Flesh, white, half fine, buttery, and melting, juicy, sugary, vinous, and with an agreeable perfume.

A good pear; ripe in the end of October.

This is a seedling of Van Mons, which did not fruit till 1850. M. Bivort named it in honour of his brother.

Asperge d'Hiver. See Bequesne.