This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, above medium size; obovate. Skin, smooth, lively green, changing as it ripens to yellowish green, and marked with a delicate tinge and a few faint stripes of red next the sun, and strewed with numerous brown dots. Eye, open, with short, rigid segments, set in a shallow, irregular basin. Stalk, an inch and a half long, inserted without depression, and frequently obliquely set. Flesh, white, very juicy, and with a rich, sugary, vinous, and sprightly flavour, similar to the Crasannes.
Surpasse Heine. See Rameau.
Fruit, large; oblong, even and handsome. Skin, smooth, lemon-yellow, thinly dotted and spotted with cinnamon russet. Eye, open, with long stiff segments. Stalk, short and thick, obliquely inserted. Flesh, white, very tender, buttery and melting, rich and sugary.
A delicious pear; ripe in October.
Fruit, medium sized; turbinate. Skin, yellow, covered with numerous large russet dots and traces of russet. Eye, open, placed in a shallow undulating basin. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, melting, juicy, sugary, and vinous, with a pleasant perfume.
Ripe in January and February, and valuable for its lateness.
Fruit, medium sized; roundish ovate. Skin, smooth, yellowish green on the shaded side, and clear brownish red next the sun, and covered with pale brown russet. Eye, small, partially closed, slightly depressed. Stalk, an inch and a half long, inserted without depression. Flesh, tender, very juicy, with a sweet and piquant flavour and musky aroma.
A tine old variety; ripe in October. The tree is very hardy, and an excellent bearer.
Swan's Orange. See Onondaga.
Fruit, medium sized; turbinate. Skin, bright green on the shaded side, darker where exposed to the sun, and thickly covered with dark grey russety dots and several patches of dark russet. Eye, small, set in a shallow, uneven basin. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, slender, and obliquely inserted by the side of a fleshy protuberance. Flesh, tinged with green, particularly near the skin, tender, juicy, and melting, with a rich, sweet flavour.
A dessert pear; ripe in October. The tree is vigorous, a good bearer, but requires the protection of a wall to bring the fruit to perfection, and succeeds best on the pear.