This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, above medium size, three inches long, and two and a half wide; obovate, handsome, and regularly formed. Skin, greenish yellow on the shaded side, covered with fawn-coloured russet, and densely strewed with light brown russet dots; but on the exposed side it is bright rich red, strewed with large grey specks. Eye, open, with small erect acute segments, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, very stout, thick, and fleshy, an inch long, inserted in a round cavity. Flesh, white, tender, juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured.
Fruit, below medium size; obovate, even in its outline. Skin, yellowish green, covered with brown russet on the shaded side, and with a dull, brownish red cheek, covered with large russet dots on the side next the sun. Eye, open. Stalk, an inch long, woody, inserted without depression. Flesh, yellowish white, coarse-grained, half-buttery, juicy, and sweet.
An indifferent American pear; ripe early in September.
Union. See Uvedale's St. Germain.
Fruit, medium sized; obovate or oblong-obovate. Skin, smooth and thin, pale yellow, covered with grey dots and slight markings of russet, and mottled with reddish brown. Eye, small and closed, set in a deep narrow basin. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a wide and rather deep cavity. Flesh, white, very tender, melting, and juicy, rich, sugary, and slightly perfumed.
A delicious pear; ripe in October. The tree is hardy and an excellent bearer, forming a handsome pyramid either on the pear or the quince. Mr. R. D. Blackmore says, "it is a shy bearer at Teddington, and the fruit is too aromatic. It forms a perfect pyramid without the aid of the knife." Mr. Luckhurst says that on the Weald of Sussex the fruit is large, handsome, and of delicious flavour.
This excellent pear was raised in the garden of a nunnery, at Malines, belonging to the Urbanistes. It has been in existence prior to 1786.
Fruit, very large, sometimes weighing upwards of 3 lbs., of a long pyriform or pyramidal shape, tapering gradually towards the stalk and obtuselv towards the eye, rather curved and more swollen on one side of the axis than the other. Skin, smooth, dark green, changing to yellowish green, and with dull brownish red on the exposed side, dotted all over with bright brown and a few tracings of russet. Eye, open, with erect rigid segments, set in a deep, narrow basin. Stalk, an inch to an inch and a half long, curved, inserted in a small close cavity. Flesh, white, crisp, juicy, and slightly gritty.
An excellent stewing pear; in use from January to April.
This appears to be an English pear, and to have been raised by Dr. Uvedale, who was a schoolmaster, and lived at Eltham, in Kent, in 1690. He appears to have removed to Enfield, where he continued his school. Miller, in the first edition of his Dictionary, in 1724, speaks of him as Dr. Udal, of Enfield, "A curious collector and introducer of many rare exoticks, plants, and flowers." Bradley, in 1733, speaks of the pear as "Dr. Udale's great pear, called by some the Union pear, whose fruit is about that length one may allow eight inches." I have ascertained by the old books of the Brompton Park Nursery that it was grown there in 1752 under the name of "Udale's St. Jarmaine."
Although doubts have been expressed by some pomologists on the subject, I am quite satisfied that this is Belle Angevine of the French; any person who has seen the two fruits could have no doubt on the subject. But in M. Leroy's Dictionary he makes it a synonyme of Tonneau, a fruit to which it has no resemblance. One of the reasons given in the Dictionnaire de Pomologie for supposing it is distinct from Belle Angevine is, because in a French edition of " Miller's Gardener's Dictionary," Uvedale's St. Germain is described as "rond et verte foncé," but in all the English editions it is correctly described as "a very large, long pear, of deep green colour."
The trouble M. Leroy has taken to investigate the history of this pear is very considerable, and he has devoted a good deal of attention to the subject. He tells us that it received the name of Belle Angevine from M. Audusson, a nurseryman at Angers, who received it from the Garden of the Luxembourg, under the name of Inconnue à Compôte, in 1821. Beyond this M. Leroy cannot trace it. It is very probable that by some means it was transported from England to Paris, for it had already, before that time, been grown in our gardens for upwards of a century.