This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium sized; pyriform, tapering both towards the eye and the stalk. Skin, smooth and shining, pale green, becoming yellowish about the stalk as it ripens, and covered with numerous minute dots. Eye, open, with long acute spreading segments, set in a shallow basin, surrounded with several knobs or prominences. Stalk, an inch and a half long, not depressed. Flesh, white, melting, very juicy, sugary, and richly flavoured.
Verte Longue d'Hiver. See Echassery.
This is a striped variety of Verte Longue, and differs from the original in having the wood and the fruit striped with green and yellow bands, and sometimes with a reddish tinge in the yellow. The leaves are also occasionally striped with yellow.
Fruit, large; obovate, resembling the Brown Beurré in shape. Skin, dull green, entirely covered with thin russet on the shaded side, and reddish brown thickly covered with grey dots on the side next the sun. Eye, open, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, an inch long, slender, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, crisp, coarse-grained, rarely melting, unless grown against a wall in a warm situation, which is a position it does not merit.
An excellent stewing pear; in use from January till March. When stewed the flesh assumes a fine brilliant colour, and is richly flavoured.
Fruit, small; roundish, flattened at both ends. Skin, smooth, of a uniform lemon-yellow colour, marked with a few patches of russet. Eye, open, set in a wide shallow basin. Stalk, upwards of an inch long, slender, woody, and inserted in a wide and uneven cavity. Flesh, rather coarse-grained, melting and juicy, sweet, but without any remarkable flavour.
A second-rate pear; ripe in October and November.
Viandry. See Échassery.
Fruit, very large; pyriform, frequently one-sided. Skin, smooth, greenish yellow, with a faint tinge of red on the side next the sun, strewed with numerous grey russet and green dots. Eye, small and open, with long spreading leaf-like segments, set in a shallow basin, and placed on the opposite side of the axis from the stalk. Stalk, an inch and a half long, slender, obliquely inserted without depression, with frequently a fleshy swelling at the base. Flesh, white, finegrained, half-melting, juicy and sweet, with a musky aroma.
A handsome pear, which in warm seasons, or when grown against a wall, is melting, but it is not worth growing. It is also a pretty good stewing pear; in use from November till January.
In 1760 this was found growing wild in a wood called Fromentau by M. Leroy, Cure of Villiers-en-Brenne, a parish situate eight kilometres from Clion, in the department of the Indre. He propagated it, and it was soon dispersed under no less than sixteen different names throughout its native country. Eventually it was introduced from France by Rev. W. L. Rham, the Vicar of Winkfield, in Berkshire, and from this circumstance it obtained the name it now bears.