This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, rather below the medium size, two inches and a half wide, and the same in height; roundish obovate. Skin, rather rough, pale green at first, but changing as it ripens to pale yellow, and thickly covered with brown russet spots. Eye, small, nearly closed, and set in a small shallow basin. Stalk, an inch and a half long, slender, and without depression, and with a swollen lip on one side of it. Flesh, yellowish white, tender, and buttery, with a rich, sugary, and perfumed flavour, very much resembling, and even equalling, that of the Crasanne.
A dessert pear of the first quality, in use during the end of October and beginning of November. In appearance it much resembles Eye-wood, but it is not so richly flavoured.
The tree is hardy, a vigorous grower, and an abundant bearer. It succeeds admirably as a standard, and is one of the most valuable of our native varieties. There is, however, a peculiarity in its growth which requires attention. When grown as a standard the branches have a tendency to twist and become entangled, which must, therefore, be prevented by a timely attention to pruning.
This esteemed variety was raised at Aston, in Cheshire, and has for many years been cultivated in that and neighbouring counties to a considerable extent.
Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; oval, even, regular, and handsome in its outline. Skin, smooth, of a bright deep golden yellow, strewed all over with dark brown russet dots, and with a patch of russet round the stalk. Eye, very small and open, with short, erect, acute segments, set in a shallow depression. Stalk, very stout and woody, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted in a small narrow cavity. Flesh, half-melting, not very juicy, rather coarsegrained and gritty, and not of a particularly good flavour.
It ripens in the beginning and middle of October, and soon becomes pasty. The tree is a good bearer, and succeeds better on the pear than on the quince.
A seedling of Van Mons, sent with several others when quite young to his friend M. Bonnet, of Boulogne. It first fruited in 1854, and was distributed in 1857 by the Societe Van Mons, of Brussels.
Fruit, about medium size, two inches and three-quarters long, by two and a half broad; obtuse ovate. Skin, green, becoming yellowish green as it ripens, with a thin speckled coat of russet on the side next the sun, and strewed all over with russet patches. Eye, closed, with tooth-like segments, set even with the surface. Stalk, from an inch to an inch and a half long, inserted without depression. Flesh, crisp, rather granular, sweet, brisk, and with a fine melon flavour.
This pear was raised at the Ecole d'Horticulture at Ecully, near Lyons, under the direction of my friend the late M. Willermoz. It originated from seed of Beurré Giffard, sown on the 11th of August, 1851, and it was named in honour of M. Auguste Jurie, President of the Horticultural Society of the Rhone.