Winter Thorn (Épine d'Hiver; Épine Rose d'Hiver)

Fruit, medium sized; obovate. Skin, smooth, of a fine green colour, becoming yellowish as it attains maturity, and irregularly covered with greyish brown dots. Eye, small and open, set in an even and considerable depression. Stalk, an inch long, fleshy at the base, inserted without depression. Flesh, whitish, melting, tender, and buttery, with a sweet and agreeable musky flavour.

A dessert pear; ripe from November to January. The tree is healthy, although not a strong grower. A good bearer, and succeeds well either on the pear or quince. De la Quintinye recommends it to be grown on the pear in dry soils, and on the quince where they are less so. Bretonnerie says it is of little merit, unless grown on the quince in a dry soil.

Winter Windsor (Petworth)

Fruit, large and handsome; obovate-turbinate. Skin, smooth and shining, greenish yellow in the shade, and orange, faintly streaked with brownish red, next the sun, covered all over with minute dots. Eye, large and open, with long, narrow, incurved segments, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, inserted without depression. Flesh, crisp, juicy, and pleasantly flavoured.

A showy pear of little merit, which rots at the core in November.

This is a very old English variety, being mentioned by Parkinson and by almost all the authors of the seventeenth century.

Yat (Yutte)

Fruit, below medium size; obtuse pyriform. Skin, thickly covered with brown russet, and sprinkled with numerous grey specks, sometimes with brownish red, when fully exposed to the sun. Eye, small and open, with short segments, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, an inch long, slender, obliquely inserted without depression. Flesh, white, tender, juicy, and melting, with a rich, sugary, and highly perfumed flavour.

An excellent early pear; ripe in September. The tree is hardy, and a great bearer.

Yellow Huff-Cap

Fruit, quite small; obovate or turbinate. Skin, entirely covered with rough brown russet, and only portions of the ground colour showing through in specks. Eye, small, and open, with short horny segments, set even with the surface. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted without depression. Flesh, yellowish, with a greenish tinge.

A Herefordshire perry pear.

Huff-cap signifies anything strong or good in the way of liquor, as mumming ale or good punch, and may be derived from huff, to swagger, rant, or vapour, which is likely to be the result of indulgence in that kind of liquor.

York Bergamot. See Autumn Bergamot. Yutte. See Yat.

ZÉPhirin GrÉGoire

Fruit, about medium size; roundish. Skin, pale greenish yellow, sometimes becoming of a uniform pale waxen yellow, covered with russet dots and markings. Eye, very small, slightly depressed. Stalk, an inch long, inserted without depression. Flesh, yellow, buttery, melting, and very juicy, very rich, sugary, and vinous, with a powerful and peculiar aroma.

A most delicious pear; ripe in December and January. The tree forms a handsome pyramid, succeeds best on the pear stock, and is an excellent bearer. Mr. Blackmore says it is not good at Teddington.