Autumn Colmar (De Bavay)

Fruit, large, three inches and a quarter long, by two and three-quarters wide; obtuse pyramidal, rounded at the apex, and narrowing obtusely towards the stalk. Skin, smooth, lemon-coloured, strewed with dots and markings of russet, and with a circle of russet round the eye. Eye, open, with erect narrow segments, and filled with the remnants of the stamens, placed in a shallow basin rather on one side. Stalk, nearly two inches long, curved, fleshy, uneven, with indications of incipient buds, dark brown, but green where it has been shaded, inserted on the end of the fruit with little or no cavity. Flesh, coarse-grained, sweet, and perfumed, but not possessing any special merit.

A second-rate pear; ripe in the end of September and beginning of October.

The tree is an excellent bearer, succeeds well as a standard, and may be grown with equal success either on the pear or the quince.

It was raised by Van Mons, and named in honour of M. de Bavay, a nurseryman at Vilvorde, near Brussels; but being received by the Horticultural Society of London from the raiser without a name, it became known in the collection of that establishment as Autumn Colmar, from a fancied resemblance of the flavour to that of the Old Colmar.

Autumn Josephine

Fruit, even and regular in its outline, turbinate, and somewhat flattened at the crown. Skin, greenish yellow when quite ripe, and strewn with patches of thin pale brown russet, and with a russet patch round the stalk. Eye, open, with short erect segments, and set in a shallow depression. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, woody, and inserted without depression. Flesh, yellowish, with a pale salmon tinge, like that of Josephine de Malines, tender, fine-grained, and very juicy. Juice, rich, sugary, and with a fine aromatic flavour.

A pear of uncertain merit; ripe in the middle of October, and lasting about a fortnight. The tree is an excellent grower, and forms a large head.

This was obtained from seed by W. E. Essington, Esq., of Ribbesford House, Bswdley. The seed, which was obtained from Josephine de Malines, was sown in the year 1856, and scions from the seedling were grafted on the stock of a worthless pear-tree, which had been cut down in 1861, and first produced fruit in 1869.

Autumn Nelis (Graham's Autumn Nelis)

Fruit, the size of a large Winter Nelis; obovato-turbinate in shape. Skin, entirely covered with brown russet, with here and there a patch of the greenish yellow shining through. Flesh, yellowish, very tender, melting, and buttery, with a rich sugary juice.

A first-rate pear; ripe in October, but soon decays. The tree is very hardy and a great bearer.

Avocat Allard

A cooking pear, raised by M. Grégoire, of Jodoigne.

Ayocat Nelis

A medium sized pear, of a turbinate shape, deep yellow colour considerably covered with russet, and with a juicy, sweet, and perfumed flesh. It is only of second-rate quality, and is in use from January till April.