Fruit, large, pyramidal, uneven in its outline, and considerably bossed round the eye. Skin, smooth and shining, of a lively dark green colour, with a dark brown tinge next the sun, and patches of ashy-grey russet on the shaded side; the whole surface covered with very large pale-coloured specks. Flesh, crisp, juicy, and sweet.

Ripe in March and April.

Aylton Red

Fruit, small; roundish turbinate. Skin, covered with rough russet dots. Eye, small and open, set in a shallow depression. Stalk, nearly an inch long, straight, inserted in a small round cavity.

A Herefordshire perry pear which is growing rapidly into popularity.

Badliam's. See Brown Beurré


Fruit, two inches and three-quarters long, and the same in diameter; roundish turbinate. Skin, rough, thick, of a dark green colour, shaded with brown, but as it ripens it becomes yellow, and is then coloured with red. Eye, large and open, with long leafy segments, set in a wide and rather shallow basin. Stalk, an inch long, slender, and woody, attached without depression, and with a fleshy swelling on one side of it. Flesh, yellow, crisp, sugary, and perfumed.

A cooking pear, grown extensively in the neighbourhood of Chalons-sur-Marne, where it has been cultivated for nearly three centuries as the great resource of the farming and working class. It is an excellent pear when cooked, and keeps remarkably well till March, when in some seasons it may be used in the dessert.

The tree is an immense bearer, one tree producing, on an average, twenty-four bushels of fruit.

Bancrief. See Crawford. Banneux. See Jaminette.

Barbe Nelis

Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and a half high; obovate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, smooth, pale green, and changing to yellowish green as it ripens, the surface strewed with small dots. Eye, large and open, with rather long segments, and set level with the surface. Stalk, an inch and a quarter long, very fleshy, with several fleshy folds at the base, where it unites with the fruit. Flesh, quite white, juicy, very sweet, and with a sort of honied juice.

A very inferior fruit unless eaten just when gathered, or rather before it ripens on the tree, in the third week of August. If allowed to hang till it is quite ripe it soon decays, and in a few days becomes a bag of rottenness. Mr. Blackmore considers it worthless at Ted-dington.

It was raised by M. Grégoire, of Jodoigne, in 1848, and was named after a member of the family of Nelis of Malines.


Fruit, small and obovate. Skin, dull green, considerably covered with grey russet. Eye, large and open, with erect segments, and placed even with the surface, and without any depression. Stalk, half an inch long, and slender.

This is a very fine old perry pear. The specific gravity of its juice is, according to Mr. Knight, 1070.

Mr. Knight says : "Many thousand hogsheads of perry are made from this fruit in a productive season; but the perry is not so much approved by the present as it was by the original planters. It however sells well whilst new to the merchants, who have probably some means of employing it with which the public are not acquainted; for I have never met with it more than once within the last twenty years out of the districts in which it is made; and many of the Herefordshire planters have applied to me in vain for information respecting its disappearance. It may be mingled in considerable quantity with strong and new port, without its taste being perceptible; and as it is comparatively cheap, it possibly sometimes contributes one of the numerous ingredients of that popular compound."

"The Barland Perry appears to have been extensively cultivated in Herefordshire prior to the publication of Evelyn's 'Pomona,' in 1674, in which it is very frequently mentioned; and as no trees of this variety are found in decay from age, in favourable soils, it must be concluded that the identical trees which were growing when Evelyn wrote, still remain in health and vigour."

"The original tree grew in a field called the Bare Lands, in the parish of Bos-bury, whence the variety obtained its name, and it was blown down a few years ago." Marshall says, "The Barland Pear is in great repute, as producing a perry which is esteemed singularly beneficial in nephritic complaints."