Baronne De Mello (His; Phillipe Goes)

Fruit, of a curved pyramidal shape, rounding towards the eye, and tapering on one side with a dipping curve towards the stalk; sometimes the surface is bossed or undulating, but generally it is even. Skin, almost entirely covered with dark brown russet, which is thin and smooth, so that it has no roughness to the feel; on the shaded side, the ground colour, which is generally more or less visible, is greenish yellow, mottled over with russet. Eye, small and open, with incurved, tooth-like segments, and placed in a very slight depression, sometimes almost level with the surface. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, woody, and of a brown colour, inserted on the surface of the fruit. Flesh, greenish yellow, fine-grained, melting, and buttery; juice, very abundant, rich, sugary, brisk, and vinous, with a fine aroma when it is in perfection; but in some seasons, and in poor soils, in exposed and cold situations, I have found it coarse-grained and gritty, not at all sugary, and with a watery juice.

This is a very excellent autumn pear, and one of the very first quality. It ripens in the end of October, and sometimes keeps well into November. Though an early autumn pear, it ripens well without decaying at the core, a property which too many do not possess. The tree is very hardy, and maintains a vigorous, though not a rampant growth. It is an excellent bearer, and succeeds well on the quince stock, either as a pyramid or a dwarf bush.

This is the true Baronne de Mello, respecting which there is a great confusion. I had it from M. Papeleu, of Wetteren, in 1847, and it proves to be identical with the fruit described by M. Decaisne, M. Mas, and M. de Liron d'Airolles. It is remarkable that the latter is the only one of these authors who notices the greenish tinge of the flesh, which I have observed as a constant character. It also corresponds with fruit of Baronne de Mello sent me by M. Andre Leroy in 1866. There is an admirable figure of this in the Jardin Fruitier du Museum, in which the characteristic dark brown russet of the skin is well represented. This is said to have been raised by Van Mons, who sent it to Poiteau of Paris about 1S30, and he dedicated it to M. His, Inspector-General of Public Libraries. At a later period M. Jamin. of Bourg-la-Reine, having received it from Belgium without a name, called it Baronne de Mello in honour of that lady, who resided at Piscop, in the department of Seine et Oise.

Bartlett. See Williams's Bon Chretien.


Fruit, Doyenne-shaped, rather uneven, and bossed on its surface. Skin, with a greenish yellow ground colour, and much covered with pale cinnamon-brown russet, which is distributed in patches, particularly round the stalk and in dots, which are interspersed with green dots over the surface. Eye, small and open, sometimes wanting, set in a deep and narrow basin. Stalk, short, stout, and slightly curved, set in the centre of the stump-ended fruit, in a round and rather deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, fine-grained, crisp, sweet, and very juicy and sugary.

One of the best very late pears I have met with, which ripens in the end of May and beginning of June.

This was raised by M. J. de Jonghe, of Brussels, and first produced fruit in 1857, at which time the tree was twelve years old. The tree is an excellent bearer.