Bergamotte D'Automne (Bergamotte; Bergamotte Commune; Bergamotte de Recons; Bergamotte de Helière; Bergamotte Bond d'Automne; Herfst of Laate; Bergamotte Ordinaire; Bergamot; Hol-landse Bergamot; Soppige Groentje; Maatjes Peer; Heere Peer; Herbst Bergamotte)

Fruit, rather below the medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish turbinate, and flattened at the apex. Skin, smooth and shining, green at first, and becoming yellow as it attains maturity, with a tinge of brownish red on the side next the sun, and strewed with grey dots. Eye, small and open, set in a slight depression. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, juicy, melting, and tender, with a sweet and perfumed flavour.

An old dessert pear, highly esteemed on the Continent as of first-rate quality; but in this climate it does not attain the same perfection.

It is ripe during October and November. The tree is tender and subject to canker. It requires to be grown on a light soil, and in a warm situation, either with a south-east or south-west aspect on a wall.

M. Decaisne and M. André Leroy have both erred in making the Autumn Bergamot of the English synonymous with this. They are perfectly distinct varieties.

Bergamotte Beauchamps. See Beurré Beauchamps. Bergamotte de la Beuvrier. See Summer Franc Real.

Bergamotte Bufo (Crapaut; Bergamotte Crapaud)

Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; even and regular shape, which is that of a true Bergamot. Skin, dull greenish yellow, very much covered with large light brown russet specks, which are so thick on the side next the sun that they form quite a russety coat. Eye, small and open, with spreading segments, set in a small shallow basin. Stalk, an inch and a half long, slender and woody, inserted in a narrow depression. Flesh, yellowish, rather coarse-grained, half melting, and very juicy; juice with a rich honied flavour.

An excellent little dessert pear, of first-rate quality in regard of flavour; ripe in the end of October. It is a very old French pear.

Bergamotte de Bruxelles. See Hampden's Bergamot. Bergamotte de Bugi. See Easter Bergamot.

Bergamotte Cadette (Biémont; De Cadet; Milan; Cadet de Bordeaux; Cadette; Voye aux Prestres; Milan de Bordeaux)

Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a half high, and two inches and a quarter wide; roundish obovate, generally smaller on one side of the axis than on the other. Skin, yellowish green, changing to pale yellow, with dull brownish red on the side next the sun, covered with thin pale brown russet, and large dots, which are brown on the shaded side and grey next the sun. Eye, open, with long, acuminate, spreading segments, set in a wide, rather deep, but sometimes shallow basin. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, white, tender, melting, and very juicy, with a rich, sugary, and musky flavour.

A very good dessert pear, which ripens in October, and continues in use, ripening successively, till January. The tree is hardy, vigorous, and an excellent bearer, succeeding well as an open standard.

This variety is made synonymous with Beurré Beauchamps in the Horticultural Society's Catalogue; but as it is quite distinct from the Beurré Beauchamps of Van Mons, which I received from Belgium, I have not considered it safe to introduce that as a synonyme.