Besi Mai

Fruit, large, obovate, rather uneven and irregular in its outline. Skin, yellowish green at maturity, covered with fawn and brown dots. Eye, open, placed in a very shallow basin, scarcely at all depressed. Stalk, an inch and a quarter long, inserted in a round narrow cavity. Flesh, white, and, when the fruit is thoroughly ripe, somewhat buttery, sweet, and richly flavoured.

A good dessert pear when it ripens, which is not very often. It generally comes into use in May.

This was raised by M. J. de Jonghe, of Brussels. It first fruited in 1856, when the tree was eleven years old; and in 1858 he sent me a fruit which in May was very tender, buttery, and of excellent flavour. I have never found it to ripen well in this country. Mr. Blackmore says "it is fit for a nether millstone."

Besi De Montigny (De Montigny; Beurré Cullem; Comtesse de Lunay; Doyenne Musque; Louis Bosc)

Fruit, medium sized, obovate. Skin, thin, smooth, and shining, bright green at first, but changing to bright yellow as it attains maturity, covered with numerous clear brown dots, and with a patch of russet round the stalk. Eye, small and open, with reflexed segments, set in a slight depression almost level with the surface. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, stout, fleshy, and obliquely inserted by the side of a fleshy swelling. Flesh, white, slightly gritty, very tender, buttery, and melting, with a pleasant sugary and finely perfumed flavour.

A dessert pear; ripe in October. The tree is a good bearer, and succeeds well as a standard either on the pear or quince.

Besi De Lamotte (Bein Armudi; Beurré Blanc de Jersey; D'Aumale; De la Motte)

Fruit, medium sized, roundish turbinate. Skin, yellowish green, thickly covered with brown russety dots. Eye, small and open, set in a shallow depression. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a small round shallow cavity. Flesh, white, fine-grained, melting, and buttery, with a rich sugary and perfumed flavour.

A dessert pear; ripe during October and November. The tree is hardy and vigorous and an abundant bearer. It succeeds well as a standard either on the pear or the quince.

Beside Quessoy (Be Quessoy; Beside Caissoy; Bezide Caissoy; Petit Beurré d'Hiver; Rousette d'Anjou; Nutmeg; Small Winter Beurré; Winter Poplin)

Fruit, produced in clusters; small, roundish and flattened at the apex. Skin, rough, with a yellowish green ground, but so covered with brown russet as to almost completely cover the ground. Eye, open, set almost even with the surface. Stalk, half an inch long, stout and thick, inserted in a pretty deep cavity. Flesh, white, delicate, tender, buttery, with a rich aromatic and sugary flavour.

A small dessert pear, ripening in succession from November till March. The tree attains a good size, and bears abundantly as a standard, but does not succeed well on the quince.

The original tree was found growing in the forest of Quessoy, in Brittany. It is a very old variety, and is mentioned by Merlet.