Blackeney Red

Fruit, about medium size, even and regular in its outline; turbinate or obovate. Skin, when ripe greenish yellow on the shaded side, and covered with a more or less deep red cheek on the side next the sun; sometimes it is merely orange. Eye, small and open, set in a saucer-like depression. Stalk, from an inch to an inch and a quarter long, inserted without depression. Flesh, firm, crisp, juicy, and with a mild acidity.

This is very much planted in the Herefordshire orchards. The tree is a profuse bearer, but the fruit is only second-rate for perry, in fact, only "a cask-filler."

Black Worcester (Parkinson's Warden; Pound Pear; Warden)

Fruit, large and obovate, four inches long, and three and a half wide. Skin, green, entirely covered with rather rough brown russet, with a dull red tinge next the sun. Eye, small, set in a wide and pretty deep basin. Stalk, about an inch long, inserted without depression. Flesh, hard, crisp, coarse-grained, and gritty.

An excellent stewing pear; in use from November to February. The tree is hardy and vigorous, and bears well as a standard. This forms the type of the pears called "Wardens." See Wardens.

Blanquet. See Small Blanquet.

Blanquet à Courte Queue. See Large Blanquet.

Blanquet Gros d'Eté. See Large Blanquet.

Blanquet à Longue Queue. See Long Stalked Blanquet.

Blanquet Musqué. See Large Blanquet.

Blanquette. See Small Blanquet.

Bleeker's Meadow

Fruit, below medium size; roundish and regularly shaped. Skin, smooth, of an uniform lemon-colour, dotted with crimson dots. Eye, quite open, with flat ovate segments, set in a very shallow depression. Stalk, very short and stout, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, very tender, buttery, and melting, with a powerful musky aroma, and a thin, watery, sweet juice.

An American pear, of only second-rate quality in this climate; ripe in October and November.


Fruit medium sized; turbinate, inclining to ob-ovate, thickening very abruptly into the stalk. Skin, yellow, strewed with russety dots, and reticulations of russets, giving it a russety appearance on one side. Eye, open, with stout segments, set almost even with the surface. Stalk, obliquely inserted without depression. Flesh, yellowish white, buttery and melting, with a rich, sugary, and highly aromatic flavour.

An American pear of good quality; ripe early in August. The tree bears well, and, being so early, is well worth growing. Mr. Blackmore says it does not do well at Teddington.

Bois Napoleon

Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; Doyenne-shaped, being obovate and blunt at the stalk, even and regularly shaped. Skin, entirely covered with a bronzy brown crust over its whole surface, with only here and there an indication of the yellow ground colour showing through it. Eye, small and half open, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, about an inch long, woody, a little fleshy at the base, where it is inserted in a small round cavity. Flesh, yellowish, very tender, fine-grained, buttery, melting, and very juicy, rich, and sweet, with a delightful rose-water aroma.

A delicious pear; ripe in the middle and end of October. The tree is a very strong grower, and forms handsome pyramids on the quince. It bears abundantly.

A seedling of Van Mons, which first fruited in 1822 or 1823. It is called Bois from the similarity of its wood to that of Napoleon. This was a favourite mode with Van Mons of distinguishing his seedlings. For instance we find such entries in his catalogue as "Forme de Calebasse," "Forme de Passe Colmar."

Bô de la Cour. See Maréchal de Cour. Bolivar. See Ucedale's St. Germain. Bonaparte. See Napoleon.