Fruit, medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; obovate, blunt at the stalk, even and regular in its outline. Skin, rather rough, with dark brown russet; on the side next the sun it has a bright orange cheek, surrounded with dull rusty red, which extends to the greenish yellow on the shaded side. Eye, very small, set in a rather deep basin. Stalk, stout and woody, inserted in a deep and wide cavity. Flesh, yellowish, crisp, coarsegrained, not juicy, rather sweet, and with a marked flavour of anise.

A pear of ordinary quality; ripe in October.

This was raised in America and originated in Rhode Island, where it is esteemed a variety of high merit. I have never found it so in this country.

Bujalouf. See Virgouleuse. Bujiarda. See Summer Thorn. De Bunville. See Martin Sire, De Bure. See Bellissime d'Hiver.

Butt Pear

Fruit, small; turbinate or roundish obovate, smooth and even on the surface. Skin, a uniform lemon-colour, strewed with minute russety dots. Eye, open, set even with the surface. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, inserted on the apex of the fruit. Flesh, yellowish, coarse-grained and granular, with a rough and acid taste.

This is now much grown about Ledbury, where it is called "the coming pear for perry."

De Cadet. See Bergamotte Cadette.

Cadet de Bourdeaux. See Bergamotte Cadette.

Cadette. See Bergamotte Cadette.

Caillot Rosat (English Caillot Rosat; King Pear)

Fruit, above medium size; pyriform. Skin, smooth, greenish yellow in the shade, and quite covered with a brownish red cheek, and streaks of brighter red on the side next the sun. Eye, open, set in a shallow cavity. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long. Flesh, tender, very juicy and melting, sweet, and nicely perfumed.

A nice early pear; ripe in August. The tree is an excellent bearer. This is not the Caillot Rosat of the French, which is the same as our Summer Rose.

Caillot Rosat d'Hiver. See De Malthe.

Calebasse (Beurré de Payence; Calebasse d'Hollande; Calebasse Musquée; De Venus; Pitt's Calebasse)

Fruit, medium size; oblong, irregular and undulating in its outline. Skin, yellow, covered with thin grey russet on the shaded side, and cinnamon russet next the sun. Eye, open, small, with short, acute, erect segments, set in a shallow depression. Stalk, an inch and a half long, and obliquely inserted, with a fleshy lip on one side of it. Flesh, crisp, juicy, and sweet.

A dessert pear of inferior quality; ripe in October. The tree is an abundant bearer, and succeeds well as a standard.

Calebasse Bosc

Fruit, medium sized to large; long conical. Skin, entirely covered with brown russet, which is sprinkled with darker russet dots, and with a yellowish ground on the shaded side. Eye, open, set in a shallow cavity. Stalk, stout, obliquely inserted. Flesh, tender, buttery, and melting, juicy, sweet, and agreeably flavoured.

A second quality fruit; ripe in October.

It was found by Van Mons in the garden of M. Swates, at Linkebeeke, near Brussels, and dedicated to M. Louis Bosc, Professor of Culture in the Jardins de Plantes, Paris. It is 1276 of Van Mons' catalogue.

Calebasse Carafon. See Calebasse Grosse.