Cassante De Mars

Fruit, produced in clusters, below medium size; roundish obovate. Skin, deep yellow, speckled and traced with light brown russet. Eye, large, and wide open. Stalk, about an inch long, inserted without depression. Flesh, yellowish white, crisp, and breaking, juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured.

An excellent pear for so late in the season; ripe in April and May.

A seedling of Major Esperen, of Malines, raised in 1840.

Cassante Du Comice

Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; round and oblate, a little uneven in its outline. Skin, with a dull yellowish ground, considerably covered with rough brown russet, which exposes in some parts large patches of the groundcolour visible. Eye, partially closed, with incurved segments, and set in a considerable depression. Stalk, an inch and a quarter long, and with a series of large swollen fleshy rings at its insertion. Flesh, yellowish, breaking, crisp, and very juicy, with a rich, sweet, sugared juice.

A fruit of great excellence; ripe in the last week of September.

Cassolette (Friolet; Depot de Syllery; L'Echerrion; Lech-frion; Muscat Verd; Portugal d' Eté; Prunai; Teste Ribaut; Verdette)

Fruit, small; obtuse pyriform. Skin, yellowish green, becoming bright yellow as it ripens, with clear reddish brown next the sun, and covered with numerous russety dots. Eye, open, with broad, flat segments, and set in a shallow and plaited basin. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted in a small fleshy cavity. Flesh, greenish white, very tender and juicy, with a sugary and musky flavour.

A dessert pear; ripe in September. The tree is an abundant bearer, succeeds well as a standard, either on the pear or quince, particularly the latter.

Although by Duhamel Lechfrion is made synonymous with this, I think another variety has existed under this name perfectly distinct from it. It is evident that the Cassolette of Knoop is not the same as that of Duhamel, but, nevertheless, Knoop makes Lechfrion synonymous with his Cassolette the same as Duhamel does, and there is a Lechfrion described by Rivière and Du Moulin as being long, large, and red, ripe in the middle of September, whilst the Cassolette is small, long, and greenish, ripe in August. Diel also thinks there are other varieties of the same name.

The Cassolette is so named from its resemblance to a small vessel made of copper and silver in which pastilles were burnt.


Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and nearly three inches high; obovate, larger on one side of the axis than the other. Skin, entirely covered with warm cinnamon-coloured russet, which on the side next the sun is more dense than on the shaded side, where it is thinner and in places exposes the yellow ground colour. Eye, open, with short, erect segments, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, an inch long, obliquely inserted by the side of a fleshy lip. Flesh, yellow, more so than is usual in pears, buttery, melting, and richly flavoured.

A good pear; ripe in the beginning of November, but Mr. Blackmore says it is worthless at TeddiDgton.