Fruit, small, two inches wide, and two inches and a half long; pyriform. Skin, smooth and shining, fine clear yellow, with a blush of red streaked with darker red on the side next the sun, and strewed with numerous russety dots. Eye, small and open, set even with the surface. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted on the apex of the fruit without depression. Flesh, firm, fine-grained, very juicy and sweet, but soon becomes mealy.

An early pear; ripe in August.

This is an old English pear recorded by Parkinson in 1629; and in his ballad "Upon a Wedding," Sir John Suckling mentions it in describing the bride -

Her cheeks so rare a white was on, No Daisy makes comparison

(Who sees them is undone); For streaks of red were mingled there, Such as are on a Katherine Pear

(The side that's next the sun).

Catillac (Bon Chretiend'Amiens; Chartreuse; Grand Monarque; Monstrueuse des Landes; Bell Pear; Pound Pear)

Fruit, very large; flatly turbinate. Skin, at first pale green, becoming after keeping a beautiful bright lemon-yellow with a tinge of brownish red next the sun, and covered with numerous large brown russety dots. Eye, open, with short dry segments, set in a wide, even, and rather deep basin. Stalk, an inch and a half long, stout, curved, and inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, white, crisp, gritty, with a hard and somewhat musky flavour.

One of the best culinary pears; in use from December to April. The tree is hardy, vigorous, and a good bearer, succeeds well either on the pear or quince. It is not desirable that this variety be grown either as an open dwarf, or as an espalier, unless the situation be sheltered, when it may be grown as a standard, the fruit being so large it is apt to be blown down by high winds. The fruit is smaller from a standard than a dwarf or espalier.


Fruit, medium sized; obovate. Skin, of a fine deep lemon-yellow colour, thickly covered with large cinnamon-coloured freckles and tracings of russet. Eye, rather small, and open. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long. Flesh, yellowish, melting, but slightly gritty, juicy, very sugary, with a rich full flavour, and a fine aroma of the rose.

A very excellent pear, with rich saccharine juice; ripe in December.

It was raised by Major Esperen, of Malines, and first fruited in 1845. At Teddington, Mr. Blackmore says, "it is poor and small."

Cellite. See Passe Colmar.

Certeau Musque d'Hiver. See Martin Sire.

Chair A Dame

Fruit, medium size; turbinate. Skin, yellow, covered with grey russet, and clouded with red next the sun. Eye, open, with short segments, and set in a shallow basin. Stalk, short and stout, half an inch long, and obliquely inserted without depression, fleshy at the base. Flesh, crisp, tender, sweet, with a rich and agreeable perfumed flavour.

A dessert pear; ripe in August.

The tree is hardy, vigorous, and an abundant bearer, either on the pear or quince, succeeds well as a standard.

This is not Cher Dame of Knoop.

Chambers's Large. See Uvedale's St. Germain Chambrette. See Virgouleuse.