This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large, three inches and a half long, and three inches wide; oblong-obovate. Skin, smooth, of a fine golden yellow, dotted with large russet dots, which are interspersed with smaller ones. Eye, large and open, with erect segments, and sunk in a narrow depression. Stalk, an inch long, thick and fleshy, curved, and set on the apex of the fruit. Flesh, buttery and melting, sweet and perfumed, but without any remarkable flavour.
A second-rate pear; ripe in October and November.
An American variety, raised in West Chester, Co. New York.
Cornice. See Doyenne du Cornice.
Cornice de Toulon. See Vicar of Winkfield.
Common Bergamot. See Autumn Bergamot.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches and three-quarters long, and two inches and a quarter wide; obovate. Skin, smooth, greenish yellow, but becoming lemon-yellow, strewed with patches and dots of russet. Eye, quite small, with narrow segments, half open, and set in a narrow depression. Stalk, stout, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted on the apex of the fruit. Flesh, buttery, melting, juicy, and sweet, with a musky flavour.
A good pear, but not of high merit; ripe in the end of October.
I cannot trace the origin of this pear. It is in Van Mons' Catalogue, 3rd series, under No. 281, without any remark.
Fruit, small; obovate or turbinate, even in its outline. Skin, lemon-yellow, and entirely covered with dots of a fine reddish brown russet, which in some parts are so dense as to form an irregular patch, particularly round the eye. Eye, small and open, with short erect segments, and placed in a shallow depression. Stalk, woody and stout, inserted without depression. Flesh, yellow, melting, somewhat gritty, very rich, sugary, and delicious.
A first-rate little pear; ripe in the end of October and beginning of November.
Fruit, very large; pyriform. Skin, almost entirely covered with large freckles of cinnamon-coloured russet. Eye, open, and rather large, with very short, deciduous segments. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, slender.
Flesh, yellowish, melting, juicy, and sugary, with a rich and agreeably perfumed juice.
An excellent pear, of the highest merit; ripe in November and December.
This is a seedling of Van Mons, which fruited at Louvain in 1843, the year after his death, and was named in honour of the brother of King Leopold II.
Fruit, below medium size; roundish obovate. Skin, yellowish green, with brownish red next the sun, and strewed with russety dots. Eye, small, set in a slight depression. Stalk, an inch long, set in a small cavity. Flesh, white, tender, buttery, melting, sugary, and richly flavoured.
A delicious pear; ripe in October. Tree, hardy, a good bearer, and succeeds well either as a standard or pyramid. It does not do well at Teddington, for Mr. Blackmore says it is of "middling quality and not worth growing." On the Weald of Sussex, and growing in soil of the Hastings Sand formation, Mr. Luckhurst says "it is of an eminently delicious flavour, worthy of the highest commendation, and should find a place in every garden."