Duchesse De Brabant

Fruit, medium sized; short piriform, even in its outline. Skin, very thin, smooth, and shining, greenish yellow, thickly strewed with russety dots, and with a patch of russet round the eye. Eye, large and open, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, an inch long, inserted without depression. Flesh, yellowish white, buttery, and melting, very juicy and sweet, with a pleasant aroma.

An agreeable and refreshing pear; ripe in November.

Duchesse De Mars (Comtesse de Lunay)

Fruit, medium sized; obovate. Skin, yellow, with a tinge of reddish brown next the sun, and considerably covered with brown russet. Eye, small and closed, set in a shallow depression. Stalk, an inch long, inserted without depression. Flesh, buttery, melting, juicy, perfumed, and well flavoured.

An excellent dessert pear; ripe in November. The tree succeeds well as a standard, and is an abundant bearer.

Duchesse D'OrlÉAns (Beurré St. Nicholas; St. Nicholas)

Fruit, large, and pyriform. Skin, yellow on the shaded side, but with a tinge of red on the side next the sun, mottled with greenish brown russet. Eye, open, set in a wide shallow basin. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long. Flesh, yellowish white, melting, buttery, and juicy, with a rich, sugary, and vinous flavour, and fine aroma.

A most delicious pear; ripe in October. Mr. R. D. Blackmore found it dry and insipid at Teddington; while Mr. Luckhurst says "it is juicy and sweet, with a piquant acidulous flavour and a delicious aroma."


Fruit, large; oblong-obovate. Skin, greenish, marked with numerous dots and patches of brown russet, and with a brownish red tinge next the sun. Eye, small and open, set in a rather deep and narrow basin. Stalk, an inch and a half long. Flesh, yellowish white, buttery, and melting, with a rich, sugary flavour.

A pear of excellent quality; ripe in September and October. The tree is very hardy and an abundant bearer, often producing fruit on the young shoots. At Teddington it is "small and inferior."

Durondeau (Beurré Durondeau; De Tongre)

Fruit, large and handsome, regularly formed; obtuse pyriform, and small at the stalk. Skin, shining, as if varnished, on the side next the sun, where it is of a lively crimson, marked with broken streaks of darker crimson, and covered with large grey russet dots; on the shaded side it is yellow, with a thin crust of cinnamon russet, and large russet dots. Eye, small and open, set in a rather deep cavity. Stalk, an inch long, very slender, and inserted on the end of the fruit. Flesh, very tender, melting, and very juicy, sweet, rich, and delicious.

A first-rate and beautiful pear; ripe in the end of October and beginning of November. Mr. Blackmore says, "Very pretty and a great bearer, but always acrid here."

The original tree exists in the garden of the late M. Durondeau, at the village of Tongre-Notre-Dame, near Ath, in Belgium.