Esperine (Grosse Louise du Nord)

Fruit, large, two inches and a half wide, and three and a quarter long; obovate and blunt at the stalk. Skin, yellow, with a greenish tinge, considerably dotted with russet, and with patches of russet and a blush of red next the sun. Eye, large and open, set in a pretty deep basin. Stalk, an inch long, stout. Flesh, half-melting, juicy, and rather gritty, sweet, sprightly, and perfumed.

A good pear; ripe in November. Mr. Blackmore says it is very poor at Teddington.

Etourneau. See Winter Nélis. Excellentissime. See Fondante d'Automne.


Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; Bergamot-shaped. Skin, very thick, green on the shaded side, becoming greenish yellow tinged with brown next the sun, and very much covered with pale brown russet, and large russet dots. Eye, small and open, slightly depressed. Stalk, an inch to an inch and a half long, slender, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellowish, exceedingly tender and melting, very juicy, with a sprightly vinous flavour and a fine aroma.

A very excellent pear; ripe in October. The tree is very hardy, and a good bearer. Mr. Luckhurst finds it only second-rate, and Mr. Blackmore says it is "small, of poor quality."

This was raised by Mr. T. A. Knight, President of the Horticultural Society, and was named after Eyewood, near Kington, in Herefordshire, and not, as has been stated, on account of the peculiar woodiness of the eye. Mr. Knight named all his seedlings after the residences of his friends.

Fanfareau. See Hampden's Bergamot.

Felix De Liem

Fruit, small, two inches and a half high, and the same wide; roundish turbinate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, very much mottled with dusky or dirty brown, much speckled, and here and there traces of broken crimson streaks. Eye, small and open, set in a neat round basin. Stalk, rather slender, woody, and inserted in a small round hole. Flesh, white, tender, and melting, very juicy, sweet, cool and refreshing, but without flavour.

A good pear; ripe in October and November.

Ferdinand de Meester. See Colmar Demeester.


Fruit, medium size, three inches and a quarter long, and two and a quarter wide; obovate, even and regular in its outline, terminating abruptly towards the eye, near which it has a suddenly contracted waist. Stem, entirely covered with a bright cinnamon coat of russet, which has an orange tinge on the side exposed. to the sun. Eye, open, with short incurved segments, and set even with the surface. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, stout, inserted obliquely without depression. Flesh, half-melting or crackling, very juicy and sweet, with a rich and highly perfumed flavour, similar to that of Williams's Bon Chretien, but not so powerful, and with more briskness.

Ripe in October. The tree is a vigorous grower, an abundant and regular bearer, and produces a large quantity of fruit on a small space of ground. It was raised by Mr. Rivers from Beurré Goubault, and for the last nine years since it was raised, in 1875, it has borne in profusion. This, for market garden and orchard planting, is one of the most profitable pears that can be grown.