Forme De Bergamotte

Fruit, large; three inches and a quarter long, and the same wide; round and Bergamot-shaped, uneven in its outline, being somewhat angular and furrowed longitudinally at the stalk, but even and regular round the eye. Skin, rather rough to the touch, being covered with large coarse russet freckles and patches over a greenish yellow or yellow ground. Eye, very small, and generally without segments, set in a very deep hollow. Stalk, very short, stout, and woody, set in an uneven cavity. Flesh, half-melting, rather coarse-grained, with a cold acidity, and a high perfume. An inferior fruit; ripe in the last week of October.

Forme De DÉLices

Fruit, medium size; obovate. Skin, yellow, almost entirely covered with rather rough brown russet. Eye, open, with long segments, and prominently set level with the surface. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a small, round, and even cavity. Flesh, tender, buttery, and melting, with a rich, sweet flavour.

An excellent dessert pear; ripe in October and November. The tree is a good bearer, and succeeds well as a standard.

FortunÉE (Bergamotte Fortunée; Fortunée Parmentier)

Fruit, below medium size; roundish turbinate, uneven in its outline. Skin, deep yellow, covered all over with flakes and lines of brown russet. Eye, closed, deeply sunk. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, stout. Flesh, half-melting, juicy, and sweet.

A stewing pear; in use from January till May. Mr. R. D. Black-more considers it useless.

De Fosse. See Jargonelle.


Fruit, medium sized; obtuse pyriform. Skin, smooth, pale lemon-yellow in the shade, and dark deep red next the sun, covered with numerous brown dots, and a few markings of russet. Eye, large, open, and set in a shallow basin, from which issue russet ramifications. Stalk, an inch long, stout, and curved, obliquely inserted in a small narrow cavity. Flesh, white, rather gritty at the core, tender, buttery, and melting, with an almost sweet perfumed flavour, supposed to resemble Franchipanne, from which circumstance the name is derived.

A dessert pear; ripe in October and November. The tree is a vigorous grower, and succeeds well as a standard, either on the pear or quince stock.

This is the Franchipanne of Duhamel, but evidently not of Merlet, which he describes as a small green pear, ripe in August. By some, as Rivinius, the Dauphin is made synonymous with this, which is an error.

Franchipanne d'Automne. See Lansac.

Francois Borgia

Fruit, medium sized; obtuse obovate. Skin, uniform deep golden yellow, dotted with large russet dots. Eye, very small, closed, and inserted in a deep basin. Stalk, half an inch long, stout, and obliquely inserted on the end of the fruit. Flesh, coarse-grained, not very juicy, brisk, and not good.

An inferior pear, which rots at the core in the end of October.

Franc Real d'Eté. See Summer Franc Réal. Franc Réal Gros. See Angélique de Bordeaux. Franc Real d'Hiver. See Winter Franc Real. Französische Kümmelbirn. See Besi d'Héry.