This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium sized; flattened turbinate. Skin, smooth, yellow, marked and streaked with green, which is a distinguishing character of the fruit, deep gold colour next the sun. Eye, small, open, and set in a considerably deep basin. Stalk, an inch and a half long, set in a small, slight depression, and frequently obliquely inserted by the side of a fleshy protuberance. Flesh, white, very juicy, half-melting, rich, sugary, and vinous.
A beautiful and excellent dessert pear; ripe in October. The tree succeeds well as a standard.
Fruit, above medium size; short pyri-form. Skin, green at first, but changing as it ripens to yellow, slightly mottled with russet. Eye, open, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, an inch long, woody. Flesh, yellowish, buttery, melting, and very juicy, sugary, and rich.
Ripe in November.
Fruit, large; obtuse-pyriform. Skin, smooth, deep yellow, marbled and dotted with red on the shaded side, and of a beautiful bright crimson next the sun. Eye, large and open, placed almost level with the surface. Stalk, thick, an inch and a quarter long, inserted without depression. Flesh, very white, tender, buttery, and melting, rich, juicy, sugary, and delicious.
Friolet. See Cassolette.
De Fusée. See Cuisse Madame.
Gagnée à Heuze. See Flemish Beauty.
Fruit, below medium size; short obovate, narrowing towards the stalk and the eye, where it is flattened. Skin, greenish yellow, entirely covered with thin pale brown russet, and mottled with red next the sun. Eye, open, with short somewhat incurved segments, set in a wide, shallow basin. Stalk, about an inch long, inserted in a small close cavity, generally with a swollen protuberance on one side. Flesh, yellowish, tender, sweet, and juicy.
An excellent Scotch pear with a peculiar aroma; ripe in the end of September.
Gambier. See Passe Colmar.
Fruit, medium sized, three inches wide, and two and a half to three inches long; roundish, inclining to obovate, and flattened at the apex. Skin, greenish yellow on the shaded side, and reddish brown next the sun, the whole thickly strewed with russety dots and specks. Eye, small and open, with broad ovate reflexed segments, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, short and fleshy, half an inch long, inserted in a round, very shallow cavity, frequently between two bosses, or at least one. Flesh, white, buttery, melting but gritty, very juicy, rich, sugary, and aromatic, and having a strong musky flavour.
A dessert pear of the highest merit; ripe during October and November. To have this delicious fruit in perfection, it is necessary the tree should be planted against a south-east wall.
The tree is a shy bearer during the first period of its growth, but when it becomes aged it produces more abundantly, though the fruit is of smaller size. To increase its fruitfulness, it has been recommended to impregnate the flowers with the pollen of some other variety, such as the Autumn Bergamot.
It is generally believed that this variety was raised from seed of the Autumn Bergamot by Lieut.-General Gansel, at his seat, Donneland Park, near Colchester, in 1768, and this rests upon a communication to that effect from David Jebb, Esq., of Worcester, nephew of General Gansel, to Mr. Williams, of Pitmaston. Mr. Lindley says, "The Bonne Rouge of the French is evidently the same sort, and the name must have been given it after its having been received from that country." I am unwilling that any doubt should arise as to this esteemed favourite being a native fruit; but I find, by the manuscript catalogue of the Brompton Park Nursery, that both the Bonne Rouge and Brocas' Bergamot, if they are synonymes of Gansel's Bergamot, were cultivated there in 1753, and this will give rise to a doubt as to the correctness of the above statement. As this catalogue is the earliest I have been able to procure of that nursery, it is possible that it was grown there at a much earlier period under both of these names.