ImpÉRiale (Imperials à Feuilles de Chêne; Oak-leaved Imperial)

Fruit, medium sized; obtuse pyriform. Skin, smooth, at first bright grass-green, changing successively to yellowish and bright yellow as it attains maturity. Eye, small and open, with acute reflexed segments, and set in a very shallow basin, almost even with the surface. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, fine-grained, crisp, and juicy, with a sweet and somewhat aromatic flavour.

A dessert pear of little merit except when grown against a wall; ripe during April and May. The tree is very vigorous and hardy, and is remarkable for the singularity of its foliage, the leaves being so indented and puckered as to give them the appearance of being sinuated like those of the oak, but which is not the case, as it is only caused by the undulations.

Impériale à Feuilles de Chêne. See Impériale. Inconnue Angouleme. See Figue. Inconnue Cheneau. See Fondante de Brest.

L'Inconnue (L'Inconnue Van Mons)

Fruit, large, and pyriform. Skin, rough to the feel, greenish yellow, covered with large grey dots and patches of cinnamon-coloured russet. Eye, small, and sometimes wanting, set in a deep basin. Stalk, an inch to an inch and a quarter long, inserted without depression. Flesh, yellowish, firm, very juicy, rich, and sugary, with an agreeable aroma.

A very excellent winter pear; ripe in February.

Inconnue la Fare. See St. Germain. Invalides. See Colmar des Invalides. Isambert le Bon. See Brown Beurré. Ive's Bergamot. See Gansel's Bergamot. Jackman's Melting. See King Edward's. Jacquin. See Henry the Fourth.


Fruit, above medium size; obovate, and sometimes obtuse pyriform. Skin, yellowish green, entirely covered with cinnamon-coloured russet, and with a dark reddish brown next the sun. Eye, small and open, with short dry segments, set a wide and rather deep basin. Stalk, an inch long, frequently obliquely inserted by the side of a flat protuberance. Flesh, whitish, juicy, and melting, with a rich and pleasant flavour.

A dessert pear; ripe in October, but to have it in greatest perfection should be gathered from the tree before it ripens. The tree is hardy and vigorous on the pear, but is sickly and languishing on the quince.

Jalousie De Fontenay (Belle d'Esquermes; Fontenay Vendee; Jalousie de Fontenay Vendée)

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and three inches and a quarter long; obtuse pyriform. Skin, greenish yellow, tinged with red on the exposed side, and covered with russety dots and patches. Eye, open, deeply set. Stalk, an inch long. Flesh, white, buttery, melting, and richly flavoured. An excellent pear; ripe in October and November.

Jaminette (Austrasie; Banneaux; Belle (d'Austrasie; Bergamotte d'Austrasie; Colmar Jaminette; Crasanne d'Austrasie; Josephine; Maroit; Pyrole; Sabine d'Hirer)

Fruit, medium sized; turbinate. Skin, pale yellowish green, thickly covered with brown dots, and marked with cinnamon-coloured russet next the sun and round the stalk. Eye, open, with long reflexed segments, set in a rather deep basin. Stalk, about an inch long, stout, and rather obliquely inserted without depression. Flesh, white, very juicy, and melting, sugary, vinous, and aromatic.

A first-rate pear; in use from November to January.