A large red plum like Magnum Bonum, grown in the Kentish orchards. It was raised by a market gardener at Canterbury, named Dummer, in 1837. I had it from Fairbeard, of Green Street, in 1844.


Fruit, medium sized; oval. Skin, thick, greenish yellow, becoming of a bright golden yellow when ripe. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellow, tender, juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured, separating from the stone.

An excellent dessert plum; ripe in the end of September and beginning of October. Shoots, smooth.

Early Apricot. See Rivers's Early Apricot.

Early Blue (Azure Hâtive; Blue Gage; Black Perdrigon; Cooper's Blue Gage)

Fruit, medium sized, and quite round in its shape. Skin, dark purple, covered with a blue bloom. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long. Flesh, yellowish green, juicy, briskly and somewhat richly flavoured, separating from the stone.

A dessert plum of a rich quality; ripe the beginning of August. The tree produces long, slender, and downy shoots, and is a most abundant bearer.

It is rather singular that this is not mentioned by any of the French authors of the last century, nor by our countryman Miller. It was advertised by Cooper, a nurseryman of Kensington, in 1754, as being raised by him, and in the Brompton Park Catalogue of that year I find it by the name of Cooper's Blue Gage. In 1757 it is called Azure Blue till 1762, when the name which it has now retained seems to have been adopted.

Early Damask. See Morocco.

Early Favorite (Rivers's Early Favorite; Rivers's No. 1)

Fruit, rather below medium size; roundish oval, and marked with a shallow suture. Skin, deep dark purple, almost black, marked with russet dots, and covered with thin bloom. Flesh, greenish yellow, juicy, sweet, and of excellent flavour, separating from the stone.

An excellent early plum. It ripens in the end of July; and, if grown against a wall, it will ripen in the middle of the month. Young shoots, downy.

liaised by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth, from Précoce de Tours at the same time as Early Rivers.

Early Green Gage (Heine Claude Native)

Fruit, small; round, and flattened at the top. Skin, yellowish green, and with a red cheek on one side, and strewed with a few dots. Stalk, about half an inch long. Flesh, yellow, very tender, juicy, sugary, and richly flavoured, separating from the stone.

A first-rate very early Green Gage. Ripe in the end of July and early in August. Shoots, smooth.

Early Mirabelle (Mirabelle Précoce)

Fruit, very small, the size of a Bullace, rounder than the common Mirabelle. Skin, golden yellow, with a few crimson spots on the side next the sun. Stalk, half an inch long. Flesh, yellow, sweet, and with a delightful aroma; it separates from the stone, which is very small.

A delicious little early plum; ripe in the last week of July. The tree makes a line bush, and bears abundantly. It deserves to be generally cultivated. Shoots, downy.

Early Morocco. See Morocco.