Pond's Seedling (Farleigh Castle; Fonthill; Pond's Purple)

Fruit, very large; oval, widest at the apex, and narrowing towards the stalk, marked with a wide suture. Skin, fine dark red, thickly strewed with grey dots, and covered with thin bluish bloom. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted without depression. Flesh, yellowish, rayed with white, juicy, and briskly flavoured, adhering to the stone.

A valuable culinary plum; ripe in the beginning and middle of September. Shoots, smooth.


Fruit, medium sized; nearly round, and very much resembling that of Purple Gage. Skin, light purple, dotted and streaked with purple. Flesh, reddish, sweet, and with somewhat of the astringent flavour of the sloe, separating from the stone.

This is an excellent preserving plum, and the tree is an enormous bearer. It is therefore very valuable to the market gardener, and also because of the firmness of the flesh enabling the fruit to be sent to great distances.

It was raised by Mr. Poupart, market gardener at Brompton.

Precoce De Bergthold

This is a small, short oval plum, about the size of Mirabelle Petite, of a yellow colour, similar in appearance to, but of better flavour than, White Primordian. The flesh is juicy and sweet, with a rich peach flavour and fine aroma, separating freely from the stone.

This is very early, ripening before the White Primordian in the latter end of July. Shoots, downy.

PRÉCoce De Tours (Damas de Tours; Noire Hâtive; Prune de Gaillon; Violette de Tours)

Fruit, below medium size; oval, sometimes inclining to obovate, and marked with a shallow indistinct suture. Skin, deep purple or black, thickly covered with blue bloom. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, inserted in a very slight depression. Flesh, dull yellow, rather juicy and sweet, with a rich flavour when highly ripened, and adhering closely to the stone.

An excellent dessert plum, which, when shrivelled, is quite a sweetmeat; also well adapted for culinary use; ripe in the end of July and beginning of August. The tree is vigorous, hardy, and an abundant bearer. Shoots, downy.

Prince Engelbert

Fruit, very large; oval, and marked with a shallow suture. Skin, of an uniform deep purple, covered with minute russety dots, the whole thickly covered with a pale grey bloom. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a rather deep cavity. Flesh, yellow, rather firm, sweet, juicy, with a brisk and rich flavour, and adhering to the stone.

An excellent plum either for the dessert or for culinary purposes, and delicious when preserved; ripe in September. The tree is a great bearer, and in this respect is one of the most valuable for large culture. Shoots, smooth.

Prince Of Wales (Chapman's Prince of Wales)

Fruit, above medium size; roundish, inclining to oval, marked with a distinct suture. Skin, bright purple, covered with thick azure bloom, and dotted with yellow dots. Stalk, short and stout, inserted in a slight cavity. Flesh, cross-grained, yellowish, juicy, and sweet, with a brisk flavour, and separating from the stone.

A dessert plum of second-rate quality, but suitable for all culinary purposes; ripe in the beginning of September. The tree is a very abundant bearer. Shoots, smooth.

This was raised in 1830 by Mr. Chapman, a market gardener of Brentford End, Middlesex, the same who introduced the Passe Colmar pear to this country.