ST. Martin's Quetsche

Fruit, medium sized; ovate, or rather heart-shaped. Skin, pale yellow, covered with white bloom. Flesh, yellowish, sweet, and well flavoured, separating from the stone.

A very late plum; ripe in the middle of October. Shoots, smooth.

St. Maurin. See D'Agen.


Fruit, medium sized; round, resembling Orleans Skin, dark violet-purple, slightly spotted, covered with a thick bloom. Flesh, firm, reddish yellow or amber, adhering firmly to the stone, juicy, and with a pleasant flavour resembling that of the Damson.

This is a very valuable late plum for culinary purposes; it ripens in the end of September, and will hang for a long time. It does not crack with the rain as many kinds do. The tree attains a great size, and produces small leaves and twiggy shoots like the Damson. Young shoots, smooth.

It is much grown about Fulham and Chiswick for the markets.

Sans Noyau. See Stoneless. Schuyler Gage. See Green Gage. Semiana. See Italian Prune. Shailer's White Damson. See Damson. Sharp's Emperor. See Victoria. Sheen. See Fotheringham. Shropshire Damson. See Damson.

Sir Charles Worsley's. See Royale.

Small White Damask (Damas Blanc Petit)

Fruit, small; roundish, inclining to ovate, and wider at the apex, swollen on one side of the suture. Skin, greenish yellow, covered with thin white bloom. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, not depressed. Flesh, yellow, juicy, sugary, and well flavoured, and separating from the stone.

A culinary plum; ripe in the middle of September. The young shoots are smooth, and the appearance of the tree is similar to Large White Damask, so much so, indeed, that they have been considered by some identical, which they are not.

Smith's Orleans

Fruit, large; oval, or roundish oval, widest towards the stalk, and marked with a deep suture. Skin, reddish purple, strewed with yellow dots, and covered with thick blue bloom. Stalk, half an inch long, slender. Flesh, deep yellow, firm, juicy, rich, briskly flavoured, and perfumed, adhering to the stone.

A rather coarse plum; ripe in the end of August. Shoots, smooth.

Standard Of England

Fruit, above medium size; obovate, and marked with a faint suture. Skin, pale red, strewed with yellow dots, and covered with thin bloom. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, very slender, green, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellow, with white veins, rather firm, juicy, and briskly flavoured, adhering to the stone.

A culinary plum; ripe in the beginning and middle of September. Shoots, smooth.

Steer's Emperor. See Goliath.

Stoneless (Kirke's Stoneless; Sans Noyau)

Fruit, small; oval. Skin, dark purple, or rather black, covered with blue bloom. Stalk, half an inch long. Flesh, greenish yellow, at first harsh and acid, but when highly ripened and beginning to shrivel it is more pleasant, and has a mellow and pleasant flavour.

A very singular little plum, being destitute of any stone wherewith to envelope the kernel, which has only a thin membrane between it and the pulp. It ripens in the beginning of September. The young shoots are downy. The tree is a small and compact grower, and does not bear well.

This is an old variety, being mentioned by Merlet; but either on account of its little value, or being little known, it is not noticed by any subsequent writer before the time of Duhamel. It has been many years in this country, although Kirke, the nurseryman at Brompton, gave it. like many other fruits, his own name. It was for upwards of a century cultivated in the Brompton Park Nursery, where in all probability it was introduced from the Continent by George London, who was for some time under De la Quintinye in the Royal Gardens at Versailles.

Sucrin Vert. See Green Gage.