Bulbs valuable for naturalization in woodland and wild garden areas must be of the kind which will continue to increase without further care than is ordinarily given to such an area. All of the material in this group, except the gold-banded lily, may be expected, after being properly planted, to continue with the succeeding years to become thicker in growth and still remain nearly as vigorous as when first planted.

Allium moly

Yellow Lily Leek

Camassia esculenta Wild Hyacinth

Convallaria majalis Lily-of-the-valley

Eranthis hyemalis Winter Aconite

Plate XLII

Plate XLII. In open sunny exposures on sandy or light loam soil there is no ground cover which surpasses the Japanese spurge in richness of colour or interesting texture of foliage, especially in combination with plantings of evergreens. (See page 204, group XXIX-B)


Plate XLIII. Our garden steps can be made a part of the flower garden, and not the usual cold and uninviting mass of stone or brick, by a well-designed grouping of plants adapted for growth in the earth-crevices among the rocks. Note the use of candytuft, ground phlox, moss pinks, varieties of stonecrops and rock cress. (See page 208, group XXIX-F, also see group XV-C)

Erythronium americanum Adder's tongue

Frittilaria meleagris Guinea-hen Flower

Leucojum vernum carpaticum Snowflake

Lilium auratum Gold-banded Lily

Lilium canadense

Wild Yellow Lily Lilium candidum

Madonna Lily

Lilium philadelphicum Wild Red Lily

Lilium speciosum Showy Lily

Lilium tigrinum Tiger Lily

Narcissus poeticus Poet's Narcissus

Narcissus leedsi amabilis

Short-cupped White Daffodil

Narcissus Trumpet Major Long Trumpet Daffodil

Ornithogalum umbellatum

Star of Bethlehem Scilla campanulata


Trillium erectum Wake Robin

Trillium grandiflorum

Large-flowered Wake Robin Tulipa clusiana

Lady Tulip Tulipa greigi

Early-flowering Red Tulip

Tulipa kaufmanniana Early Tulip