a. Coloured foliage.

Acer platanoides (green) Norway Maple

Cladrastis lutea (yellow) Yellow-wood

Cornus florida (scarlet) Flowering Dogwood

Evonymus alatus (scarlet) Cork-barked Burning Bush

Evonytnus atropurpureus (red) Burning Bush

Evonymus europaeus (red) European Spindle Tree

Fagus americana (rich yellow) American Beech

Forsythia viridissima (purple) Dark Green Golden Bell

Ginkgo biloba (yellow) Maidenhair Tree

Hamamelis virginiana (yellow) Witch Hazel

Mahonia aquifolium (bronze) Oregon Grape

Myrica cerifera (bronze) Bayberry

Ostrya virginica (yellow) Hop Hornbeam

Pieris floribunda (bronze)

Mountain Fetterbush Quercus alba (purple) "White Oak

Quercus coccinea (scarlet) Scarlet oak b. Green Foliage. Some trees and shrubs are exceedingly interesting in the landscape composition because of the varying and vivid colours of their autumn foliage, ranging from brown or brownish yellow, through to vivid scarlet and bright red. There is another group of shrubs which are not so valuable because of the autumn colour of their foliage, but because of the fact that their foliage is retained until extremely late in the fall, or possibly into the early winter. Such shrubs as the privets, and many others shown in this list, are very valuable in landscape plantations where the owner cannot, because of climatic or soil conditions, resort to the use of evergreens, and is still desirous of producing a foliage effect that will serve as a background or a screen until late into October or early November. Many of these shrubs are somewhat tender and the fact that they do carry their leaves unchanged until late in the autumn often shows that they are not able to mature their wood during a normal growing season. Since they often do not mature their leaves they are also liable to go into the winter with tender wood. Many of the shrubs given in this list should therefore not be planted in exposed places.

I. Shrubs:

Abelia grandifiora Hybrid Abelia

Aralia pentaphyla Five-leaved Angelica

Berberis wilsonae Wilson's Barberry

Chaenomeles japonica Japanese Quince

Cotoneaster adpressa Creeping Cotoneaster

Cotoneaster horizontalis Prostrate Cotoneaster

Eleagnus multiflora rotundifolia Round-leaved Gumi

Evonymus bungeanus semipersistens Half-evergreen Spindle Tree

Fontanesia fortunei Fortune's Fontanesia

Forsythia viridissima Dark green Golden Bell

Plate XXVI

Plate XXVI. The use of Bay-trees in tubs is required in many of the northern gardens to produce accent points often at spots where no permanent plant can be planted in the ground. These trees are stored in cool greenhouses during the winter months. (See page 146, group XVI-C)


Plate XXVII. A pleached allee may form not only a most interesting feature as shown on Plate No. XXIV, page 158, but this one serves as a solid screen between the lawn area and the service buildings. (See page 146, group XVI-D-a)

Hypericum buckleyi

Buckley's St. John's Wort Hypericum patulum henryi

Hybrid St. John's Wort Ligustrum japonicum

Evergreen Privet

Ligustrum ovalifolium California Privet

Ligustrum vulgare sempervirens Half-evergreen European Privet

Ligustrum amurense Amoor River Privet

Lonicera fragrantissima

Early Fragrant Honeysuckle

Lonicera sempervirens Coral Honeysuckle

Lonicera standishi

Standish's Bush Honeysuckle Viburnum macrocephalum

Chinese Snowball Viburnum opulus nanum

Dwarf Bush Cranberry Viburnum rhytidophyllum

Evergreen Viburnum

Viburnum sieboldi Siebold's Viburnum

2. Vines:

Akebia lobata

Divided-leaved Akebia Akebia quinata

Five-leaved Akebia

Clematis paniculata Japanese Clematis

Lonicera japonica halliana Japanese Honeysuckle

Smilax hispida Prickly Greenbrier