The term poultry is used to designate all birds that are in the nature of farm animals or farm live-stock, as chickens, geese, ducks, turkeys. Birds grown merely as pets or fancy animals, or to stock

Parts of a fowl

Fig. 6. - Parts of a fowl.

game preserves, are not classed as poultry ; but when any of these birds come to be grown as food animals (as pigeons), they are practically included with other domestic fowls under the general denomination of poultry.

Standard Weights of Poultry in Pounds (Am. Poultry Assoc, 1910)

Standard Weights of Poultry in Pounds

Standard Weights of Poultry — Continued

 

Cock

Cockerel

Hen

Pullet

 

Adult

Gander

Young

Gander

Adult

Goose

Young

Goose

 

Goose Toulouse.............

25

20

20

16

Embden.................

20

18

18

16

African....................

20

16

18

14

Chinese.....................

12

10

10

8

Candian or wild.............

12

10

10

8

Egyptian..........................

10

8

8

6

Descriptive Score-Card for Standard Poultry

American class (Cornell)

Chapter XX Poultry 145

For Asiatic fowls, the Cornell score runs : Symmetry, 8 ; weight or size, 6 ; condition, 5 ; head, beak and eyes, 3 for shape and 3 for color ; comb, 8 ; wattles and ear-lobes, 5 ; neck, 4 for shape and 6 for color ; wings, 4 and 4, back, 4 and 5 ; tail, 4 and 5 ; breast, 5 and 5 ; body and fluff, 5 and 3 ; legs and toes, 8. (The reader may wish to compare these categories with scores for other live-stock in Chap. XXI.)

Eggs Scoring and judging one dozen eggs (Cornell).

Disqualifications.—Extremes in size and shape ; very rough, freckled eggs in extras and firsts, dirty, or cracked shells ; badly spotted interior, or eggs having a noticeably loose content.

The entire dozen is discarded when more than two eggs are disqualified,

Eggs weighing one-half ounce more or less than the average for that dozen shall be disqualified for extras and firsts.

When two or less eggs are disqualified, deduct from the final score or the dozen, 8 points for each egg disqualified. A disqualified egg is not scored with the remainder of the dozen.

Grades. - "Extras" (XXXX). Large and uniform in size and color, weighing 26-30 ounces per dozen, and scoring 90 points.

"Firsts "(XXX). Good size and uniform in size and color, weighing 24-26 ounces per dozen, and scoring 90 points. "Seconds " (XX). Weighing 20-24 ounces per dozen, and scoring 80 per cent.

"Thirds" (X). No weight clause required. Standard 24 ounces per dozen.

Each grade allows the possibility of a 100 per cent score.

Skeleton of cock

Fig. 7. - Skeleton of cock.

1, cranium; 2, septum inter-orbitale; 3, beak; 4, mandible ; 5, cervical vertebrae; 6, scapula; 7, humerus; 8, radius; 9, ulna; 10, metacarpal bone; 11, thumb bone; 12, middle finger; 13, third finger; 14, furcula or wish-bone; 15, coracoid bone; 16, sternum; 17,crest or keel of sternum; 18, ribs; 19, pelvis; 20, caudal vertebrae; 21, femur; 22, patella ; 23, tibia; 24, fibula; 25, metatarsus; 26, spur; 27, hind toe; 28, inner toe; 29, middle toe; 30, outer toe. — Cyclo. Amer. Agric, after Ellenberger.