Dogwood. These valuable shrubs are esteemed alike for their flowers and their foliage. C. kousa, formerly known as Benthamia japonica, with red and yellow flowers, height up to eight feet, is rather shy when young, but blooms freely when established. The varieties of alba - in itself a good shrub, which grows up to ten feet and bears white flowers in July - are extremely useful; Spathi and variegata are two of the best; the latter is very beautiful. Capitata has already been referred to under the name of Benthamia fragifera, by which it is still known. This grows up to ten feet, and has white flowers in late summer, followed by strawberry-like fruits. Florida is one of the best species; it grows up to fifteen feet and has white flowers in spring. Nurserymen offer a red form, rubra; and there is also one with drooping habit, pendula. Mas (syn. Mascula) which grows up to fifteen feet high and has yellow flowers in late winter, is good; varieties called elegantissima aurea and variegata are offered; and there are others. C. Mas is known as the Cornelian Cherry. The common Dogwood is C. sanguinea, which has greenish flowers in early summer, followed by black berries. Its red stems make it ornamental in winter. Besides these, alternifolia, Amomum, brachypoda, circinata, glabrata, macrophylla, Nuttallii and stolonifera are met with in large collections. Nuttallii colours brilliantly in autumn. Ordinary soil.