Elder - Notes

See Chapter 20. The Elders do well in town gardens and at the seaside. As grown in gardens they are forms of Sambucus nigra, aurea being the Golden Elder. There are many varieties, such as silver-variegated, white-fruited, cut-leaved (laciniata), and pyramidal. Canadensis is the North American Elder, which grows up to twelve feet high and produces large cymes of cream flowers, followed sparingly by purple fruits; it does well at the waterside. Racemosa has scarlet berries; there are two or three forms of this. Ordinary soil, if not dry. The use of Elderberries for wine is well known in the country districts.

Elm - Notes

See Chapter 9. The Elms are species of Ulmus, with their forms; thus the English Elm is U. campestris, and the Scotch or Wych Elm is U. montana. U. glabra-vegeta is called the Huntingdon Elm and glabra cornubiensis the Cornish Elm. Dampieri aurea and Louis van Houtte are popular varieties of the English Elm. There are several forms of the Wych Elm, including pyramidal (fastigiata), drooping (pendula) and dark (purpurea). The Elm is a park rather than a garden tree, and should not be planted in avenues, owing to its habit of casting large branches in summer. Elm foliage colours brightly in autumn. The Wych Elm is a good seaside tree.