PNEUMONIA is inflammation of the lung tissue. There are two forms.

Broncho-pneumonia presents small scattered spots of inflammation in the lungs. This type is the most common in small babies.

Lobar pneamonia is inflammation of one lobe, and even more extensive areas of the lung. It is the more common form in older children.

Pneumonia does not develop in children who are properly cared for. It is more serious in infants than in children from three to twelve years. The mortality in pneumonia in early childhood is lower than during any other period of life.

SYMPTOMS. The "onset" is usually apparently sudden, although it may be preceded by a cold or bronchitis, with a severe chill or chills, lasting fifteen minutes to an hour, followed by a sudden rise in temperature. Intensely sharp pain in the lower front part of the chest or in the region of the arm pits develops in a few hours. Breathing is labored. There is a dry painful cough, with scanty, sometimes, blood streaked mucous. After the first day the sputum becomes orange-yellow or prune juice color. There is rapid pulse and heart action.

MEDICAL ABUSE of these cases continues, despite the fact tht they admit that they have no cure for the trouble. For instance, Morse-Wyman-Hill say: "There is no drug which will cure pneumonia. Many babies have been killed by being fussed over too much, handled to much, and over-medication. #### The two things for a mother to remember especially about pneumonia are that much medication and much handling of the child do more harm than good and that there is no specific cure for the disease. It must take its course and the child must fight it off itself."

There is not a word in this quotation which does not apply to every other so-called disease. There is no drug or specific that will cure any disease. Every disease must take its course and the patient must get well himself. Too much handling, being fussed over too much, and all medication tend to kill. Disease is a process of cure--yes, even pneumonia is a curative process.

Sir Wm. Osler says: "There is no specific treatment for pneumonia. The young practitioner should bear in mind that patients are more often damaged than helped by the promiscuous drugging, which is still only too prevalent."

Yes indeed! But listen to this from this same Osler and this same Principles and Practice of Medicine: the pain at the "onset" of the disease "may be so severe as to require a hypodermic injection of morphine." Then he offers bleeding, serums, veratrum viride. digitalis, digitalin, strychnine, camphor, caffein, musk, alcohol, saline infusions, the Paquetin cautery, hot and cold applications, Dover's powders, (an opium mixture favoring the accumulation of the exudate in the lungs, because it suppresses the cough that clears the lungs, and "aids," as Tilden says, "all severe cases in dying of asphyxiation."), hot poultices, icebags, and cold sponging. He says, "The stitch in the side at onset, which is sometimes so agonizing, is best relieved by hypodermic injection of a quarter of grain of morphia."

Drugs and applications to relieve pain, check the cough, allay delirium, reduce fever, control blood pressure, "sustain" (depress) the heart, allay nervousness, etc.,--all of which is symptomatic and suppressive treatment--accompanied by feeding, kills the patient. Osler says: "The food should be liquid, consisting chiefly of milk, either alone or, better, mixed with food prepared with some one of the cereals and eggs, either soft boiled or raw."

Osler tells us that "pneumonia may well be called the friend of the aged. Taken off by it in an acute, short, not often painful illness, the old man escapes the 'cold gradations of decay,' so distressing to himself and to his friends."

This is a cleverly camouflaged confession of failure, a failure that should cause people everywhere to avoid the doctors and their dope. Osler has the courage to caution against the use of the oxygen tank in this disease. The average physician feeds and dopes these patients and neglects ventilation, until the patient is nearly dead of dope and asphyxiation, then he scads a "hurry-up call" for the oxygen tank and finishes off his patient with one last grandstand play of scientific D--foolishness.

What wonder that the hospital mortality in this disease runs 20 to 40 per cent and in people over sixty from 60 to 80 per cent!

Dr. Richard C. Cabot says: "A person needs good nursing and fresh air in pneumonia, and that is about all. There is very little that we physicians can do at the present time to cure pneumonia. It is a very sharp illness, but short, and the drain upon the patient's finances is not often great if we have the true diagnosis. About 25 per cent of all adult cases die. When it occurs in alcoholics seventy-five per cent die. ### The doctor is almost never to blame for the death in pneumonia, nor responsible for the recovery in favorable cases. In children outdoor treatment seems to help very much, but children do much better than adults anyway."

I do not agree that doctors are almost never to blame for death in this disease. I am convinced that at least ninety per cent of the deaths, at least in younger persons, are caused by doctors. Look over their program for treating a trouble for which they can do nothing, and see if you like this method of "doing nothing."

CARE OF THE PATIENT: Open the windows and doors, or take the patient out-doors, stop all food but water. Keep the patient warm--keep a hot water bottle at the feet. Let him rest. Do not disturb him. Secure peace and quiet for the patient. Let him alone and led him get well.

For heaven's sake don't drug your child and don't let anyone Use do it. Don't allow any serum to be given. Never permit a doctor to experiment on your child. You have no right to do this.

When the fever is gone and the lungs are clear, and there is no more cough, give the child orange juice. Keep him in bed for at least a week. Rest is important. Keep him on orange juice for the most of this time, after which give fruit and then gradually work up to the normal diet. Nursing infants may be given light breast feedings, instead of fruit, after the preliminary period on orange juice.

Pleurisy, empyemia, endocarditis (heart inflammation), acute arthritis, menengitis and jaudice will not develop as complications, if the above plan is carried out. Chronic pneumonia, abscess and gangerene, mental disturbances, including temporary delusional insanity and tuberculosis, will not follow as a sequelae.