Milk is not an "adult food" but is a temporary exepediency in the life of the young animal, lasting it until the time that it evolves teeth for independent mastication and is able to secrete digestive juices of a quaky and character to enable it to digest the foods it will naturally live on for the remainder of its life.

Cow's milk is not only not a perfect food for the human adult; it is not the best food for the human infant. It is not even the best milk from the lower animals for infants. If doctors and dairymen are really interested in the health of children, they should see to it that goats milk, which is far superior to cow's milk for infants, is available for them. Instead of talking about the importance of "protective foods" in the diet, they should devote their "educational (sic) campaign" to telling people of the dangers of the denatured foods. That their campaign is merely an effort to sell more milk and not an effort to tell the people the truth about their present denatured diet gives the whole show away.

It is wholly unnatural for cows to give the large quantities of milk, rich in fat, as our dairy cows do. By selective breeding and forced feeding, they are induced to give large quantities of milk and to produce this far beyond the normal nursing period for calves. Indeed many of these cows are never dry, but continue to produce milk, that is sold in the market, from one calf to the next, year after year. I have seen cows milked for ten or more years, without once being dry, and having a calf a year during this time.

This constitutes a drain on the cows which makes it impossible for one of them to be healthy. They are especially prone to tuberculosis and have their lives greatly shortened. While almost all dairy cattle are tubercular, this disease is extremely rare among the range cattle of the plains.

Added to the evils of excessive milk producing, is the evil of over feeding on a one sided and high protein diet. This tends to produce disease in the cow and to greatly impair her milk also. An excess of protein is particularly bad for infants. If an excess of protein in the mother's diet impairs her milk for her baby, then certainly an excess of protein in the diet of the cow, whose milk already contains far more protein than that of a woman, is bad for the child.

An excess of fat is also bad for the infant. Our dairy herds have been so bred and they are so fed that their milk contains a great excess of fat.

Dairymen and farmers produce milk to sell and the more milk and butter-fat a cow produces the more profits there is in it for them. Farmers and dairymen are not different to owners of coal mines or cotton mills--they are interested only in increasing their profits. They will produce only that kind of milk and those quantities of milk that brings in the most money for them, regardless of its evil effects upon the users of the milk.

Cows from which certified milk is produced are kept through out the year in sunless barns, are allowed a very limited amount of exercise and are fed chiefly on dry food, being allowed little or no fresh green fodder. This sickens the cow and assures the deterioration of her milk. Cows need green grass, exercise, fresh air and sunshine. Dr. Hess, of Columbia University, showed that milk from cows fed on pastures in the sunlight maintains the health and growth of animals, whereas milk from cows maintained out of the sun and fed on dry fodder will not.

Dairy cows and particularly "certified" herds, are now all tuberculin tested--that is, poisoned and sickened. The tuberculin test is a fraud. It is not a reliable test for tuberculosis, as every doctor well knows. Give it to animals in large doses and they "promptly die with symptoms of an intense intoxication;" in "moderate doses," "the animals display the symptom; of a profound intoxication, but gradually recover, with a mild and chronic form of disease."

Tuberculin is the putrescent resultant of decomposing beef broth containing glycerine and is preserved with carbolic acid. It is not merely a poison, it is a whole array of poisons.

Pasteurizing milk leads to carelessness and assures us dirty milk. This will be more fully discussed in the next chapter.

Milk also undergoes deterioration after it is milked and allowed to stand. Its food value is markedly impaired by being frozen.

Present methods of producing and handling milk make it next to impossible to procure good milk in the markets. These present methods are largely the results of the work of physicians who urge us to use more milk. Do not censure me too strongly, then, when I declare that the medical profession is determined that there shall not be a healthy child in America and that no child shall be permitted to have good food.

The word "protein" is a very indefinite term and it is known that the same amount of protein and calories from different sources may have very different food values. Cow's milk possesses a different and inferior protein to that found in mother's milk and, while well suited to the needs of the calf, is poorly fitted to the nourishment of the infant.

Cow's milk forms a large, hard, tough curd that is hard for the infant to digest. Human milk forms small, soft flocculent masses which are easy of digestion.

These differing physical and chemical characteristics of the milk of the two mothers are designed to meet the different requirements of the young of the two species and the two milks are not, therefore, interchangeable. It follows, logically, that the cow is not the best mother of the human infant and when she adopted our children, she did them an injury.