In the matter of the care of the sick child I shall completely abandon the methods of the schools and offer you a system of remedial hygiene that respects the instincts of life and recognizes the orthopathic character of so-called disease.
The hygienic principles and practices herein set forth have been developed during the past one hundred and eight years and have been thoroughly tested in practice. The names of Jennings, Trall, Graham, Taylor, Shew, Page, Dewey, Walter, Oswald, and Tilden in America, Combe and Densmore in England, Rikili, Hensel, Lahman and Berg in Germany and on the European continent, are deserving of special mention in connection with the development of these principles and practices.
Mother's Hygienic Hand-book, Trall 1874; How to Feed the Baby, Page 1882; Natural Hygiene, Lahmann, 1898; Physical Education, Oswald, 1901; The Care of Children, Tilden, 1916; and Children Their Health and Happiness, Tilden, 1928; are the best books that have appeared which deal with the care of children. All but the last two of these are out of print while these two leave much unsaid that should be said.
I shall draw freely upon these splendid works and upon other splendid books, which are not directly concerned with child care, as well as upon my own experience and study. I wish to acknowledge my indebtedness to the authors of the above mentioned books, to all the men mentioned above as adding to our knowledge of the science and art of natural hygiene, as well as to the many others not mentioned.
Having cleared the ground somewhat, I desire to give the reader a few definitions before preceding to the development of the book proper.
Hygiene is that branch of biology that relates to the preservation and restoration of health. We recognize two kinds of: Hygiene--namely, Natural Hygiene and artificial or spurious hygiene.
Natural Hygiene is the instinctive and intelligent employment of the forces and agents of nature for preserving and restoring health. It comprehends those eternal and ever present needs of life, health, growth development and activity--light, air, water, food, rest, sleep, exercise, cleanliness, cheer, hope, courage, poise and freedom from devitalizing habits - and is divided, for convenience, into:
Preventive Hygiene, or the hygiene of healthful maintenance, by which is meant the instinctive and intelligent employment of hygienic principles, forces and agents for the preservation of functional and structural integrity and the promotion of growth and development) and--
Remedial Hygiene, or the hygiene of health restoration, by which is meant the instinctive and intelligent employment of hygienic principles, forces and agents for the restoration of sound health. It studies life and health.
All of this together we include under the term, Orthobionomics. Bionomy is the science of the laws of living functions; or that branch of biology which treats of habits and adaptation. Orthobionomics is a word which I have coined to designate the correct adaptation of environment to life. Orthobionomics is natural Hygiene. Orthotrophy, is a word I have coined to designate that part of orthobionomics which relates to food and feeding in health and disease. The word means correct food.
Artificial or Spurious Hygiene, is the use of artificial and unnatural principles, forces and agents in an effort to prevent and cure disease. It studies disease and death. It employs, as the proper means of preventing and curing disease, poisonous chemicals, of mineral, animal and vegetable origin, septic vaccines, putrid serums, fly swatters, sterilizing processes, antiseptics, surgical processes, and fear, apprehension, panic, etc., as the proper elements of hygiene, and is divided into:
Prophylaxis, which means the prevention of disease; and--
Therapeutics, which is the application of remedies in the treatment of disease.
Together these two--prophylaxis and therapeutics--are designated modern medical Science. A medicine is a remedial agent.
The reader will see from these definitions that that our entire approach to the subjects that are to occupy our attention in the following pages, is diametrically opposite to that of the traditional approach. This will become even more apparent as the following chapters are mastered.
My only request, dear reader, is that you do not condemn those portions of this book which may be new to you or which may appear revolutionary or radical, until after you have throughly studied, and investigated them and given them a thorough trial. Snap judgement should be avoided. Prejudices and prepossessions should not be permited to blind you, to new truths. Test all things and retain those which prove true.