This section is from the book "The Beverages of the Chinese; Kung-fu or Tauist Medical Gymnastics; the Population of China; A Modern Chinese Anatomist and A Chapter in Chinese Surgery.", by John Dudgeon. Also available from Amazon: Kung Fu, or Taoist Medical Gymnastics.
Memorial presented by the officials of the Board of Revenue regarding the Population and Storage of Rice for the 12th year of Kwanghsu (1886 ): -
Your Servants find that during the 5th year of Kienlung (1741) an Imperial Edict was issued to all Governors-General and Governors of the different provinces, ordering them to send records of the population and the quantity of rice kept in the granaries of all the prefectures and districts, each winter, to your Servants' Board, in order to know whether the population and the storage of rice have increased or diminished, and that your Servants should put these statistics on one record for presentation to your Majesty at the end of the following year. This practice has now been so carried out for a long time. During the fourth month of the fortieth year of Kienlung (1776) an Imperial Edict was again promulgated calling upon all the Governors-General and Governors to inform their auditors to hand in the exact number of the population and the quantity of rice, because the auditors of the province of Chihli always made up their record by assuming, without going to the trouble of auditing them. And in the first month of the fifty ninth year of Kienlung ( 1795), an Imperial Edict required that the affairs of the different provinces to he reported upon must he finished by the tenth month. The time has now arrived to send in the enumeration of the population and the quantity of rice in storage for the twelfth year of Kwanghsu (188G). Your Servants find that the numbers of the population and the quantity of rice in store of the provinces of Anhwei, Yunnan, Kwangsi, Kansuh, Sinchiang, Fnhkien and Taiwan (6 provinces) and the districts that belong to the prefecture of Panting in Chihli, and Chilin(Kirin) Pa lu kwenand Wu lu mu chiand the quantity of rice of Honan, Hupeh, Szechwen, Kwangtung, Kiangsu, and Kweichow ( 6 provinces) have not been put on record and sent to your Servants' Board. It is therefore necessary to inform the Governors-General of Chihli, Szechwen and Shenkan ( Shensi and Kansuh) and the Governors of Anhwei, Yunnan, Kweichow, Hunan, Hupeh, Kwangtung, Kwangsi, Kansuh, Sinchiang, Fuhkien and Taiwan and the General of Kirin to make out their records quickly and have them transmitted to your Servants'Board, and your Servants will present them to your Majesty at the next term. The Governors-General and Governors. Fu yinand Tu tung (civil and military Governors respectively whose jurisdiction is independent of the provincial Governor) and Generals of Fengt'ien, Shantung, Shansi, Honan, Kiangsu, Kiangsi, Chehkiang, Hupei, Hunan, Shensi, Szechwen, Kwangtung and Kweichow 13 provinces, with Cheng teh fuin Jeho (Jehol), have put on record the required statistics and forwarded them to your Servants'Board and your Servants find the exact population for the twelfth year of Kwanghsu to be 302,088,114, which compared with that of the 11th year (295.880,706) gives an increase of 6,207,408 people, and it is explained in the records of the above high officers that this account is scrupulously exact and that no one is left out. And they have also sent the quantity of rice of Fengt'ien, Shantung, Shansi, Honan, Chehkiang, Shensi ( 6 provinces ) and the places which are included in the prefecture of Cheng teh in Jeho and your Servants find that the real quantity of rice remaining in the granaries for the 12th year is 2,232,173 piculs, 6 tow 55 sheng, 1 ho and 8 shao which compared with that of the previous year (2,229,873 piculs-2579) gives an increase of 2,300 piculs-3939. The quantity of rice of Kiangsi has not been put on record by your Servants for many years, because the quantities are not exact. On this occasion they also fail to be quite exact and are therefore omitted from the record. The record of the population of the province of Fuhkien for the 9th and the 11th years of Kwang hsu has been transmitted and ought to he written after the page on which the population of Fuhkien is stated. Your Servants have herein carefully prepared a yellow record on which the population and the quantity of rice stored in the granaries for the 12th year of Kwanghsu are put on record according to the records that are presented from the different provinces.
Those places that belong to the Pauting prefecture in the province of Chihli have not forwarded their population statistics and the quantity of rice from the 8th year of Hienfeng ( 1859.) to the 11th year of Kwanchsu and eleven chou and hsien viz Hsien hsienetc. have not sent the quantity of rice of the 4th and 5th years of Hienfeng (1855 and 1856 ). The province of Kiangsu has not sent the quantity of rice from the 27th year of Taokwang (1848) to the 1st year of Hienfeng ( 1851 ); and the population and the quantity of rice from the 3d year of Hienfeng ( 1854) to the 12th year of T'ungchih ( 1874), and the quantity of rice from the 13th year of T'ungchih (1875) to the 9th year of Kwanghsu (1883) and of the 11th year of Kwunghsu ( 1885). The province of Anhwei has not sent the population and the quantity of rice from the 3d year of Hienfeng (1854) to the 11th year of Kwanghsu (1885). The province of Kiangsi has not sent the population statistics and the quantity of rice stored of the 10th year of Hienfeng (1861) and the 7th year of Kwanghsu (1881) and the quantity of rice of these 42 t'ing chow and hsien viz.