Dirt on the eye would be a more proper expression, as foreign bodies lodged upon the surface of the eyeball, or beneath the lids, are not really in the eye, but upon it. Although they sometimes cause serious mischief, as well as much pain and inconvenience, they are by no means so dangerous as foreign bodies lodged in the eye, or within the eyeball. Particles of sand, dust, or other substances in the eye, may be very easily removed by the corner of a handkerchief, or by drawing the upper lid away from the eye, and gently stroking over it in a downward direction. Violent blowing of the nose, with the eyes tightly shut, will often suffice to remove particles which are not imbedded in the mucous membrane. Little bodies known as eye-stones, obtained from certain mollusks, have no specific virtue, although they are often used for the purpose of removing dirt from the eye. Flaxseed is often employed for the same purpose. The way in which these objects operate is by producing a profuse flow of tears, which carries away the obstruction. They are not to be recommended. When particles of iron, cinders, or other foreign substances are imbedded in the mucous membrane, some blunt instrument may generally suffice to effect a removal, unless the cornea is the part involved. When the part is imbedded in the cornea, care should be used in attempting to dislodge it, that it is not pushed farther into the tissues. Such particles may generally be dislodged in the following manner . Let the patient hold the eye perfectly still, while the operator passes back and forth before the cornea, and over the object, a knife with a sharp smooth blade, gradually approaching nearer to the surface, until finally the foreign body is removed. When this is skillfully done, the eye may not be detached at all, as the foreign body generally protrudes a little above the membrane. If the particle is imbedded in the eye so deeply that it cannot be removed by any of the means described, a surgeon should be at once consulted, as much injury may result if the obstruction is not speedily removed.

Lime In the Eye

The intense burning of lime, or other caustics in the eye, is speedily relieved by the application of a little diluted vinegar, or lemon juice. The eye should also be thoroughly washed. Water should be first applied, as it is generally most convenient. A solution of sugar is also recommended for neutralizing lime, as it combines with it to form a saccharate of lime.