Occasionally occur, giving rise to both stricture and dilatation. These are sometimes of a fibrous character, but not infrequently cancerous. Cancer of the oesophagus occurs most frequently in elderly persons who have been addicted to the use of alcoholic liquors.

It is, of course, a fatal disease. The treatment can only be palliative, and the patient must be nourished by means of nutritive enemata. Sometimes, in cancer of the oesophagus as well as ulceration, a perforation occurs, which is not infrequently accompanied by instant death.